Turkish mythology, history is the name given to the Turkish people believed that all mythological. Old legends, the people of Turkey is full of social and cultural themes rather than moving the old common belief tengrism the items. Some of these were later revised Islamic elements.
Turkish mythology, according to many researchers as a basis in the same tengrism monotheistic, polytheistic has developed over time into a form. In addition, the history of the Turkish people they contact Zoroastrianism, Manichaeism and Buddhism also bears traces of the Turks mythology. That was an important place in the mythology of the Turkish Halkar been identified with different things and 9 animals:
9 . Eagle
Turkey, one of the national symbols of the eagle, appears to be very common in shamanistic practices. animal believed to be carrying the highest spirit of Ruby, the epitome of heaven to express God’s spirit was being conceived as a shaman, or on top of the World Tree.
Animal ancestors or spirits from time to time on behalf of one of the aid was taking place on the shaman dress. It was a significant descent icon. Especially in Gokturk and Uighur speed eagles and other birds of prey, or symbols of the monarch, gentlemen, it was the symbol and the guardian spirit of justice. Sun and at the same time he expresses strength and power.
Eagle’s reign, power, forces have continued even after the symbolic meaning about Islam, even when used as rigging time. Such as raptors or birds of relief on both the architectural works of art in small format refers to the need in this context is used extensively.
8 . Headed Eagle Griffon
Griffin on the sky, Agarista the diagnosis, knowledge, wisdom, refers to concepts such as force. Turkish art of eagle-headed griffin is especially common. BC II. Put the blade of birds of prey in the Shang period is expressed that God is in the heavens millennium icon.
7 . Wolf
Kurt’s a totem of the proto-Turkish community, it is seen that become a part of the cult of ancestors in Hunan speed. Turkey on the rocks or in the grave stones in various parts of the world or shaman clothing or material is found to depict the god-wolf.
The concept regarding wolf ancestors once-thriving animal state, etc. reign. elements of the symbol have also been gained various meanings associated with heaven and earth elements. The appreciation as the white wolf tribute or taxes during the Turkish-Chinese refers to the importance of the struggle of his Turks. Kurt comes as a guiding element in Oguz Kagan epic.
Kurt’s bright eyes, depending on the elements of Turkish cosmology and is understood to be the symbol of the associated component. Changing the format of the contact element has to do with Kurt; for example with the emergence of a wolf in the light of the heavens Oguz Kagan epic suggest it.
6 . Garuda
Garuda important place in Indian mythology has taken place in Turkish mythology. Garuda; The beak of an eagle has claws and alone. Body, arms and legs is human. Mother Vinatea is Kasyapa is the father. It rose from eggs in a nest on the branches of the Tree of Life. There are many myths about Garuda’yl. Garuda in this myth, or sacred struggle with the Naga snakes, or fight them came against the gods. God will not succeed in a battle with the gods Vishnu’s mount.
5 . Bear
Although the eagle never held an important place in Turkish mythology is not as important as the horse or wolf. According to the studies, the Turks and the reduction seen in the forest communities in the environment, reduce the number of months in the Turkish community and are understood to form the basis of symbolism. Bear is a symbol of the god of the forest or forest spirits.
Some communities, such as Turkish ancestors Bashkirs believed they descended from the month they say. On the other hand, they swear on Ruby bear skull. Bear dresses, shamans among the favored ones. During the journey the shaman makes the sky the moon was sometimes used as a helper soul.
4 . Dragon
Dragon Chinese mythology all over the world and if accepted in the art of Turkish mythology and art was held in great location. This tale animals, sky and found a wide range of applications, depending on location and water elements.
where the dragon is said to be of Turkish cosmology and celestial dragon. Underground or in deep waters where the dragon which comes under the place in spring, turning the scales and horns rises to occur and sky, mingled among the clouds. Thus, by providing the rain, it would contribute to the creation of abundance and prosperity.
Turkey, especially in the early stages of Berek, prosperity, power and strength accepted as a symbol of this mythical creature, in this sense weakened and has become a symbol of the evil is vanquished more Liaise with cultures of Asia.
3 . Lion
Animal victorious struggle is situated in accordance with the lion in the sky scenery and good and bad elements, such as light-dark concept corresponds to the positive side of the pair. Therefore, as is true for many animals lion fight, victory, defeat evil with good strength and power has been the icon.
Post and mane of the lion is used as a symbol of bravery. Thus was established the symbolic relationship between the lion’s mane of long hair is not common in Turkey.
2 . Tiger
Tiger, the Turkish mythology and art, takes place in a parallel manner to that of China. the Turkish tribes and valiant one of the oldest substance. Ong the bravery or the symbol of tiger in Turkey is also concerned with astrology. aka belonging to one of the four anayö or spotted leopard, one of the four big stars were the soul of the group.
tiger like a lion throne icon. On the other hand as the winner of animals covered in contrasting concepts of war, pointing to animal fight scene, that has been shown to correspond to the positive elements.
1 . Horse
Check in shamanistic ceremonies, the passenger will come to the shaman and the sky has gained importance as sacrificial animals. Many times the heavens as one of the important symbols of God and is also offered as a sacrifice. The shaman’s death can now take to the underground or the other has been at the world with the help icon.
many legends about the Turks, and at the epic story, with victory partner of a close friend, was considered the most valuable asset. The benefits of the war have also been the epitome of power and strength so. At the flocks are seen as an expression of wealth.
Horse makes sense, according to various aspects of Turkish cosmology; animal-shaped elements such as the epitome of the water is at. On the other hand, the so-called water-based horses, winged horses and the legend of the water is directed to these elements. Another variation legendary horse; It is at the origin of the heavens. These horses are also considered to be poultry.