Istanbul Archaelogical museums, located in the gardens of the first court of Topkapi Palace, comprise a complex of three museums: The mUseum of Oriental Antiquities, the Archaelogical Museum and the tiled Pavilion Museum. These museums contain 60,000 archaelogical treasures, 760,000 coins and medallions and 75,000 clay tablets. The main building displays temprorary exhibits and previously unexhibited items from the museum’s stroge, from private collections, or from recent excavations.
Istanbul Archaelogical Museum
The museum was founded in 1981 as Müze-i Humayun (Imperial Museum). Two side wings were added in 1902 and 1908, and in 1991, on the 100th anniversary of its establishment, the museum was enlarged with a new section. The architect of the original building was Alexdander Vallaury. On the right side are located the sculpture Halls of the Antique Age. Unique examples of sculpture from antiquity, streching un until the end of the Roman Era, are exhibited in the halls.
The first hall contains antique carvings and reliefs; these are flowed by treasures from the Persian reign in Anotlia; the Kanan Erim Hall is where relics from Aphrodisias are displayed; the room known as “The there Marble cities of Anatolia.” is where works from Ephesus, Milets and and Aphrodiasias are found; there are also different sections where visitors can see works from Hellenistic and Roman Periods.
To the left of the entrance, after the gift and bookshops, there is the room dedicated to the founder Osman Hamdi. Then, there are the halls which contain the works of the art personally discovered in the royal necropolis at Sayda. The first three sarchopagi belong to the family of the King of Saydan, Tabnit. The unique Lycian sarcophagus and the Satrap sarcophagus are also in this room.
The next section contains the world famous sarcophagus believed to have belonged to Alexander the Great and the Sarcophagus of the Mourning women. the four sides of this sarcophagus have decorations in relief depicting scenes of the war between the Macedonians and the Persians and hunting scenes.
On the side wall of the entrance to the new annex, the front side of the Temple of Athena in Assos has been reproduced in its exact deminsions.
The Local Cultures of Istanbul Section is teh first hall in which exquisite artifacts from various ages found during excavations in the vicinity of the city are echibited in a modern setteing. A room containing works of art from the Byzantine period is also located here, as well as Itsnabul through the Ages. On the upper floors and in the showroom opposite is the exhibition, Anatolia thrpugh the ages and that of Troy, which contains modern works of art, and the exhibition The Civilizations of ANatolia and Neighboring Countries, which is a chronologically arranged display of works from Palastine, Syria and Cyprus.
The column of the Goths: This is the oldest monument in the city, having survived intact from the Roman Period. It is located in Gulhane Park, towards Sarayburnu. This 15-meter-tall monolithic marble column on an elevated base was erected in the 4th century A.D. It has a Corinthian stylle capital with a coat of arms depicting eagles in relief. It is known as the Column of the Goths due to the epigraph on the column which relates a victory against the Goths.
Sarayburnu: The end of Gulhane Park leads to Sarayburnu (Palace Point), a location that has been witness to many historic moments. The ottoman navy used to greet the sultans at this point, and military victories were celebrated with cannon salutes. Currently, it is open to the puplic and is a favorite site for visitors with its cafes and tea gardens.