Do you know Basilica Cistern in Istanbul Turkey? If you don’t know, with our help you’ll learn. It is one of the famous attracion place of Istanbul. Even you can see it in movie of foreign countries. For instance, You can see Basilica Cisten in james Bond movie. If you think about come to Istanbul, you have to add the cistern your route. Because, it is worth to see. When you’re in Istanbul Turkey, If you want to go the cistern, probably you’ll wonder answer of some questions. For instance, What ra the Basilica Cistern hours? or how much is Basilica Cistern ticket? Before write the article’s part the cistern history or achitecture and like somethings We’ll explain to answer of these questions for you.
Basilica Cistern Hours and Ticket.
Basilica Cistern Address
Address : Alemdar Mh., Yerebatan Cd 1/3 Fatih / İstanbul
Telefon : (0212) 522 12 59
Basilica Cistern Price
For people who are from teh foreign country Basilica Cistern price is 30 TL nearly 10 $ 4
Basilica Cistern Hours
Basica Cistern is open from 09:00 to 17:30 for visitors.
Maybe, You’re think another kind of questions. İs there a Basilica Cistern entrance free? Sorry for this, but answer is no. Even you’re native people. And so many visitors ask to us, “İs there Basilica Cistern Fish” usally from the Europen. The anwer is; yes. There are water, wish pool and fish. If you want, we can show to you fish. There are videos about this on youtube that you can find them under this part of article. And I think, before the article I have to say one last thing. Yes, there are Basilica Cistern concerts. Lets keep going story of the cistern.
The Basilica Cistern
The entrance to Istanbul’s largest and most interesting covered cistern is through a small building to the west of Hagia Sophia Square. The cross-vaulted ceiling of this forest of columns is made of brick. A street runs above a section of the cistern. Because a basilica once stood above the cistern, it is known as the Basilica Cistern. It was built in the 6th century, in the reign of Justinian, to supply water to the palace complex nearby. There are twenty-eight columns, most of them with Corintian capitals, in each of the twelve rows of columns (a total of 336), and the cistern measures 140 metres by 70 metres. The water level in the cistern changes from season to season, and traces left buy the different levels can be seen on the columns. The pipes at diffrent levels in the eastern wall were used to distrubute water. During to restoration project initiated in 1984, two metres of mud were removed from the floor of the cistern, and the original brick pavement was brought to light. Two Basilica Cistern Medusa heads serving as column bases were also discovered.
Basilica Cistern History, Facts and Architecture
One thing the Basilica Cistern proves is that the old maxim still holds true: Nothing is how it seems. Despite the modest outher appreance with it small entrance, the cistern astounds visitors with its palatial interior. It lies next to the left side of Sultanahmet suquare and at the south western and of Haiga Sophia. As a result of this magnificent atmosphere and the large number of columns, the cistern is known as the Yerebatan Sarnici (Sunken Cistern) in Turkey, but was called the Basilica Cistern in Byzantium. It was constructed by the Byzantine Emperor Justinian I (527-565). Prior of construction, there was a basilica in the same location in the 3rd or the 4th century; this was used for sientific and artistic activities as well as to carry out business and legal affairs. Several chuches were built in the location of the basilica, which burned down . Eventually, during the restoration of Hagia Saophia after the Nika Revol in 532 A.D. Justinian I constructed this cistern. It took 7,000 slaves to consruct the cistern. Basilica Cistern is connected by the 971- meter-long Valens Aqueduct, (Buzdoğan) named after the emperor who constructed it in 368 to the 115.45 meter long Maglova Aqueduct, constructed by Constantine I. The water from the cistern was brought from the Belgrade Forest. The cistern is a large rectangular structure, measuring 140 meters long and 70 meters wide. The cistern, into which you descend via 52 stone steps, has 336 columns, each of wihch is 9 meters tall. They are arenged 4.80 meters apart from one another in 12 rows of 28 columns each. The columns rise above the water and look like an infinite and enchanting forest; it is the appearance that captivates visitors at first sight. The weight of the ceiling is distributed onto the columns via cross-shaped vaults and spherical arches. Many of the columns are built from various kinds of marble, which are said to have been taken from older structures or chipped from granite blocks. While most of the columns were constructed in one piece, some consist of two pieces, one put on top of the other. The capitals are varied. While 98 are Corinthian, some others are Doric in style.
The brick walls of the cistern, 4.80 m thick, and the brick floor were made water-resistant with with a thick layer of Khorasan mortar. This cistern is located on area that measures 9.800 m2 and has the capacity to hold 100,000 tons of water. The great majority of the columns in the cistern, excluding a few squared or grooved ones, are cylindrical in shape. The columns that hhave been engraved with depictions known as “hen’s eye,” slanting “branches” and “tears” are very interesting. Acording to tradition, the colums with figures that resemble tears were erected in remembrance of the slaves who died during the construction and the recount their tragedy throughtout the centruies.
The two Medusa heads, used as pedestals, in the north west corner of the cistern at the bottom of two columns are precious examples od statuary from the Roman period. The cistern, from the time of its construction until today, has undergone many restorations, two of which took place during the Ottoman period. The first of these was caried out by the architect Mehmed Agha of Kayseri in 1723 during the reign of Ahmed III. The second grand restoration occured in the 19th century during the time of Sultan Aldülhamid II (1876-1909).
The Basilica Cistern provided water to great palace of the Byzantine emperors, which was located on a large area of Sarayburnu; it was also used for a while after the conquest of the Constantinople by the Ottomans. For instance, The gardens of Topkapi Palace were irrigated with the water from the cistern. It is understood that the Ottomans, who preferred running water to still water, did not use the cistern after they had established their on water facilities.
Binbirdirek (1001 Columns) Cistern
In this cistern, built at the time of Constantine the Great, all but three of the 224 original 15 metre columns have come down to our age. The vaults and arches of the cistern are of brick. In the 19th century the cistern was used as workshop for rope making, but today this mysterious and fascinating place contains a cafe and a room available for private parties meetings.
The area around Sultan Ahmet Mosque and Hagia Sophia has undergone great changes in the last decade. The small streets in this area are now filled with year-round restaurants and hotels of all classes, including charming boutique hotels. On the Marmara side of this area, the Little Hagia Sophia (Sts. Sergius and Bacchus Church from the 6th century A.D. under Justinian) has been cleaned and restored. The small, charming 16th century Sokullu Mosque nearby has unrivaled interior tiles, Excellent fish restaurants line both of the coast road at Kumkapi.