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Antioch (Antiochia) Guide: Ancient City

-Turkey Attractions August 4, 2016
2,101 views
Antioch St Pierre church

Antioch St Pierre church

Antioch (Antiochia)/Antakya Turkey, Bay in the south of the Anatolian Peninsula, is located on the east of the Amik plain watered by the River Asi.

Antioch Asi river

Antioch Asi river

Antioch Turkey Weather 

The mediterrenean climate dominate to Antioch and its around. For this reason, in Antioch the summers are usually hot and the winters are mild. But, coast side of Antioch and inside side of this city have different kind of climate. Ths for reason coast side usually hot weather but, other side of the city has more less hot. On inside side of Antioch, you can see wild weather more than the coast side of the city.

 

Antioch (Antiochia) Turkey

Antioch (Hatay)

Antioch (Hatay)

The region’s history goes bac to the prehistoric periods. This has been established by the excavations 22 km east of the city at Alalakh in Tel Açana, where 17 layers of habitation were discovered. The name of Alalakh, whic is south east of Ove Cilica, in the Scythian/ Khatt language means “Country with Horses“. Life that developed here over various periods came to end with the attack of the Assyrians. Later, the settlement was re-established in the rocky area to the north east of Asi River, in a productive and arid in front of a cave used as the Temple of the Holy Mother Goddess.

a map that belong the period of rome

a map that belong the period of rome

Main urbanistation began with the city established in the name of Antiochus, the son of the Seleucid King Nikator. The city was tied to Rome in 64 B.C, chosen as the residence of St. Peter in the early years of Christianity, and a Christian community was established, with the Mother Goddess Temple being used as a church. In the Byzantine period, the city’s name was changed to the Theopolis, meaning the city of God.

Antioch (Hatay) Archaeology Museum

Antioch (Hatay) Archaeology Museum

The region was conqured by the Arabs in the 7th century, and they by the Crusaders in 1098, the Memluk ruler Baybars in 1268, and the Ottoman in 1517. The most important work in the city, is the church of St. Peter, which had been converted from teh cave temple of Mother of the Goddness. The cave church, whic is 15 m long, 10 m wide and 7 m high is reached by steps, and the front wall shows a Gothic styley of arcitecture. Coloured mosaics can be seen on the base, and frescoes on the walls.

a byzantine church from antioch

a byzantine church from antioch

In the centre of the rock carved apse of the church there is a statue of the Virgin Mary, with a second pool next to it. Other works in the city are the 10 km long Roman aqueducts at Defne/ Tephe, the Roman houses, 4-arched Roman bridge, Seleucid Castle on Neccar Mountain, an the remains of Kürşat Castle in the Sofular Village and Emma antique town in Yenişehir.

a mosaic from antioch turkey

a mosaic from antioch turkey

Antioch has the world’s second largest mosaic museum and displays mythological mosaic moments from the region. As well as the Teltainat, El Cudeyde, Alala, and Tel Achana, there are over 150 mounds in the region from the prehistoric period.

Known for: Famous for the world’s second largest mosaic museum, its dessert künefe with cheese, and tepsi kebab.

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