Mardin Turkey has a history extending into the past, but it became important in Turkish period. The city’s name is Kalekent in the Anatolian Luwian Language. Mardin Turkey is one of the most important cities in Nothern Mesopotamia, and has exprienced all of the history of Anatolia, and been a cradle of all civilizations. With a decision taken in recent years, the houses and historic streets of Mardin, with their magnificent stonework, have became by protect by NESCO.
II Gazi Bey from Artuquid made the city capital after capturing it in 1105. Thus, many buildings were built in the city during the 304 years (1409) sovereignty of Artuqid starting from the begining of the 12 th century.
Mardin Turkey is famous with its castle on the hill, and stone houses in the slopes of this hill. It is assumed that tha castle was built by Hamdanis in the 10th century. Mosque and house remains are seen in here. Mardin Turkey houses where yellow limestone is used because of easy working draw attention with their elaborate stonework.
Mardin Turkey’s most famous mosque is Ulu Mosque, built by Artuqid in the 12th century. Upwards the Ulu Mosque, Zinciriye Madrasah which is also an Artuqid structure is loceted. It was built by Melik Mecceddin Isa in 1385. It consists of a mosque, a mausoleum and various places around the courtyard. Kasimiye Madrasah is one the other important monuments of the Mardin Turkey. It is assumed that madrasah which consists of a mosque and a mausoleum was started building during Artuqid period and completed by Sultan Kasım during Akkoyun period.
Another historical richness of the Mardin Turkey is the churches and monasteries. Deyrü-l Zafaran Monastery was the Syrian patriarchate center of Syrians until 1932. Establisment of the monastery is dated to 4th century. It still protects its importance even the patriarchate was moved to Syria.
Mardin Turkey Known For: The biggest speciality of Mardin its food, particularly its pot roast. The oldest work in the city is Mardin Castle, and a large number of works belonging to the Artuqid, Seljuk and Ottoman periods, such as the Hatuniye Madrasa, Eminüddün Complex, and Grand Mosque can be found in the city. Within the boundries of the province, the most important artefact is the Deyrulzafaran Monastery and Complex of the Orthodox Assyrians.
This is the secred center of the monastery and the Tour Abidin Assyrians.
Other important historical places are the Gerçül Hasan Keyf Castle, the Harzem Madrasa in Koçhisar, the ancient city of Anastasiapolis between Midyat and Nusaybin, the Amas in Midyad, whose ancient name was Meditation, Carthamin, Kefr Zek, Chach, the Great Mosque, in Kızıltepe, which was known as Dunaysir during the Salah and Assyrian periods, and Nusaybin whose former name was Nasibina.
Mardin Turkey Must- See Places
Mardin Houses, Zinciriye Madrasah, Kasimiye Madrasah, Deyrü-i Zafaran Monastery.
Don’t Return Without doing in Mardin Turkey
Food: Almond Candy, Walnut Suasage, İkbebet (Stuffed meatballs), Semberuk, Irok, Kibe, and desserts.
Shopping: Telkari Silver and Gold processing. Handmade products.