Çeşme is the western most point of the Çeşme Peninsula, west of Izmir , and is one of the centres of tourism in the region. During ancient times there was a settlement unit known as Kasistis, which was the pier to the large Ionic city of Erytrai. During the Roman Period, the imperial navy heavily defeated the Seleucid navyin front of Çeşme and began the conquest of Aisa Minor. The city protected its features during the Byzantine Period, and was captured by Aydınoglu İsa Bey transferred the people of the city, which had been destroyed as lost its importance, to Kissus. The region takes the name Çeşme (Fountain) from the large number of fountains made for for sailors who escaped and took refuge in the bay from pirates. Later, When the region was connected to the Ottoman state, the people moved to a more fertile and easily defendible area 3 km away, and called this place Çeşme Village.
In 1413, Börklüce Mustafa from Çeşme village led the people into a revolt against the sultan, and this rebellion was only defeated after long efforts. The security of the port was ensured in time, and the people started to settle once again in the Old Çeşme. During the period of Beyazit 2, the famous Çeşme Castle was built here. Çeşme is an important Byzantine sttlement unit, and also has a large number of churches as a metropolitian centre. Among these is the Hagios Haralambos churches of Anatolia. The Çeşme Castle was commissioned by Beyazit 2 in 1494, and restored in 1883. The castle is in the centre of the district, and was used as a bas efor the Ottoman navy. Today the castle is a museum. The legal caravanserai is near the centre of the district, and was built in 1528. There is a square courtyard, surrounded by single and double storey shops, and a stables to the east.
Because Çeşme is a region located in the Aegean region, it is naturally under the influence of the Mediterranean climate type in its climate. There are some benefits of Çeşme. The beautiful sea of Cesme is only a sea serving the region if it was not in summer. Çeşme has a very warm climate with its Mediterranean climate
Cesme Turkey Map
Cesme 5 Star Hotels
Cesme is a developing place in terms of 5 star hotels. Several facilities offer the highest quality services of the region. The 5-star hotel caters for 4-hour receptions with spacious rooms, restaurants with a capacity of 500 people, children’s play areas, massage parlors, free car parks, bars and animation organizations.
Cesme 5-star hotel prices vary between 200 – 350 TL per night, varying between summer and winter.
Fountain 5-star hotels We can say that there is a boutique hotel paradise in Çeşme’s famous holiday town Alacati. Wishful guests can stay here. But there are also newly opened businesses in the district center. More standard but with good service, holidaymakers can evaluate the fountain boutique options.
Boutique guests are charged around 100 – 300 TL including breakfast.
You can see the boutique hotels from the list of Çeşme boutiques.
The fountain, known as Ilıcalar, is ideal for both health and summer tourism. While holidaymakers can use the healing pools in thermal hotels with specialist doctors, Cesme also enjoys the comfort of a thermal hotel.
Cesme thermal self-catering facilities offer more affordable fares than others. It is also suitable for families. There is a restaurant, café, health center, thermal pools, gyms. You can get a list of thermal hotels here.
Fountain hotels Festa SPA can be considered within the thermals or alone. In these luxurious hotels:
Spa & wellness center
Turkish bath / Steam bath
There are indoor and outdoor swimming pools.
Due to the facilities that provide the above services, the prices may also force you a little budget. Fees are available starting from 200 – 400 TL per night.
Sardis 78 km away from İzmir was the center of Lydia, the first state printed the money in 7th century B.C. The city İzmir-Ankara Highway passes through is next to Paktolos (Sart) River and on the northern slopes of Mount Tmolos (Bozdağ). Persian king Kyros took over the city by defeating Lydia king Kroisos in 546 B.C., thus the Kingdom of Lydia withdrew from the stage of history.
When it was the capital of the Kingdom of Lydia, it lived its best period during 7th and 6th centuries B.C., and it lived its brightest period as a capital again in the 3rd 2nd and 1st centuries B.C. Main road of Sardis covered with marble plates, is just at the north of İzmir-Ankara Highway.
There are a synagogue dated for 3rd century A.D., and a Gymnasium next to synagogue with a façade dated for 3rd century A.D. in the north side of the highway. Yet, there are ruins of a Byzantine church and a bath from Roman and Byzantine period towards the east in the north side of the road. In the southern part of the highway, a stadium, a theater repaired in Roman period dated for 3rd century B.C. at the east end of stadium, and an acropolis area at the south most are located.
At the end of the road next to Paktolos (Sart) River, ruins of Temple of Artemis are reached. Temple built over seven step pedestal was built in 300s B.C.
Altar built with large block in the west is dated for 6th century B.C.
Do Not Return Without Doing:
Entertainment: Windsurfing and scuba diving in Çeşme.
Activity: İnternational Çeşme Music Festival in early july.