Troy is a magnificent Greek ancient city from Turkey and one of the most important ancient cities. We’ll share everything about Troy with you.
The Dardanelles Strait is dominated Hisarlik Hill, whish is 220m. in diameter and stands over the Little Menderes Plain. The remains found North-east of the city, at the Dardanos Tumulus show that it goes back as far as 4000s B.C., to the mygthological city of Troy, and the Turs, who are a branch of the Scythians from the North.
This treasure first smugled to Germany and to Russia during the World War II, and it is still exhibited in Pushkin Museum. Treasure found during American excavations is maintained at the Istanbul Archaeology Museum. The remains ruins of Troy II can be seen in its place.
Troy from 2200-1800 B.C. 3rd, 4th and 5th settlements of the city drew attention for losing its former importance which became poorer after Troy 2nd. In the ruins, there are no architectural remains of this cultural level.
The magnificent city told in Homer’s Iliad is Troy IV (1800-1275 B.C.) Houses and city walls of this period reflect the rich craftsmanship and taste.
The city living its heyday expanded, defense walls had been developed. Walls, towers, city gates and various administrative buildings which still stand belong to this period. City had a big fire at the end of the 13th century B.C. which was the end of Troy VI settlement and beginning of the Troy VII. This fire was thought to ocur at the end of Trojan Wars with Achaeans that lasted ten years. Wooden horse trick used at the end of this war was reinstated as the symbol of Troy.
Temple of Athena which could not reach today was built in Troy VIII of Helenestic period. Temple of Athena was renewed and two theaters were added in Troy IX in Roman period.
Troy Turkey Map
Troy Turkey Weather
Troy is located in in Aegean Region of Turkey. In this region, summer seasons are hot and dry and winters are mild and rainy. Bucause of this, don’t worry! You won’t be cold too much. You can wear thin things.
Troy Turkey Address
Troy is approximately 30 km southwest of Çanakkale, 6 km inside from where the Dardanelles meets Aegean Sea. Ancient city of Troy where nine different solid structures have been detected spreads to a wide time period from 3000s B.C. to 400s A.D. After the first settlement covering a very small area, second settlement shows a more developed urban planning
TROY/ Truva Turkey History
In the Tur language, the meaning of the city’s name is “the Holy Place of Toro, the bull ancestor” The name was later turned into Troy. The most famous incident concerning the ancient city of Troy in Homer’s Iliad is the subject of the “wooden Trojen Horse”. According to the epic, at the beauty contest held on Mount Pelius and partipated by Hera, the wife of Zeus, Aphrodite, the Goddess of Love, and Athene, the Goddes of Wisdom, Paris the son of the king of Troy presented the golden apple due to be given to the most beautiful to Aphrodite, after the god of evil, Heris, confused his mind. After this incidenty, Paris, who had been brought up by shepperd in the Ida / Kaz Mountains, falls in love with the beautiful wife Helen of Menelos, the King of Sparta, and takes her to Troy. This led the a war between the Greeks and the United tribes of Anatolia in the 1200s B.C., and the Greeks atacked Troy under the command of Agememnon. For 9 years they failed the capture Troy with normal methods, and decided to play a trick by leaving a wooden horse filled with Greek fighters in front of the walls, and made it look as if they had left. The Trojans brought the horse into the city and started victory festivities. At midnight the soldiers came out of the wooden horse, captured Troy and killed King Hector and Paris. Troy was compeletly burned down and demolished, and Helen was taken back to her country by her husband Agememnon. Therefore, the pharese “Trojan Horse virus” became known in the world literature as meraning deception and betrayal. 3120 years after this, during World War I, Atatürk, the commander of the Turks, watched trough binoculars from Hisarlık Hill, where the remains of the ancient city of Troy are situated, as invading troops retreated from Turkish cavalry during the Great Push, to their ship Agamemnon, with which they had come into the Dardanelles Strait. The aide-de-camp gave news of the defeat of the invading forces and the Turkish victory to Atatürk, to which Atatürk replied that they had not only defeated the enemy, but also referred to history, saying they had taken revenge for the Trojan Hector too.
The ruins of the ancient city of Troy, are in 0 layers, which are on top of each other. The 1st Troy lasted from 3000-2400 B.C. and the layers are 4m. thick. The first Trojan people, who knew how to use copper lived in a small castle. The town was surrounded by stone walls, with the King’s Palace in the middle and Megarontype stone and mud houses around it. The people of the city used bone, stone and copper tools, and made of earthenware pottery in shades of gray, and engaged in farming and fishing.
The second Trojan II asted between 2400-2200 B.C., with seven times the settlement structure. Scliemann has found a variety gold necklaces, earings and jewelery here. The King’s palace was located in the middle and surrounded by mud and brick Megaron-type houses. This period is famous for horn-shapped earthenware pots with steep vertical handles, known as Depas Amphikypellon, and earthenware pottery in the shape of a human face. Cutting tools, axes, knives and arrowheads were found in a mine here; the period came to anend with a fire.
The 3rd Trojan period was between 2200-1800 B.C., Inside the city walls there were narrow streets with stone houses. Troy IV 1800-1700 B.C., compared to the previous settlement was fortified by larger walls. The Megoran-type houses were constructed using stones at the bottom and mud at the top. This, and the finds concerning Hittite culture and early Mken pottery suggest the was in commercial and cultural cooperation with its neighbors.
Troy V: 1700- 1550 B.C., Despite the surrounding city walls, the city of Troy was a bit more extented, with more new houses added, compared to the previous two periods. The settlement consist of four storey structures and lasted for 150 years.
Troy VI, 1550-1275 B.C, The city, which covered an area larger than the previous settlements could be entered through 5 gates. The city walls had 9m. tall towers which were connected to each other with 10m. interlocking stone blocks. Remains of the houses in the city, and the sewerage system is remarkable. In the middle of the city there is the king’s palace and next to it are the remains of a temple. Traces of gold, silver, bronze and electron ornements, and the cremation culture can be seen. The city was destroyed as a result of an earthquake.
Troy VII, 1275 -1100 B.C., Homer, the famous author of the ancient times, speaks of Troy in his epic The Iliad. It can be seen that the site of a previous reconstruction of buidings destroyed in the earthquake have been used in the residepntial area. Repaired homes have had small chambers called pithos, which are buried in the ground, and whose entrances are covered by a cover stone. Pithos called a cover stone, added to them. In this establishment, Mken and Cyprus ceramics, as well as a new type of ceramics as, “Buckel ceramics” known as were used.
Troy VIII, 700-334 B.C., Finds from the layer go back from the 7th century B.C., to after the 1100s B.C., showing that the area was abondoned until the 7th century. The most important structure here is the remains of the two altars from the Temple of Athena, near to the ramp going into the city. The stones from this temple were used into construction of the theatre built during the Roman period. The was seized by King Xerxes of Persia in 546 B.C., and a thousand cattle were sacrificed at the Temple of Athena located here.
Troy IX, 334 B.C, the king made a sacrifice and a donation at the Temple of Athena. Remains of a doric structure, belonging to the Sun God were uncovered here. Because the Romans believed they came from the descendants of the Trojan Aennasi the city was a declared sacred during the Pax Romana period. Ceasar and Agustus extented the Temple of Athena, building baths, a city administration building and the theatre buiding, which was also used as an Odeon, was surrounded by stone walls. The city was abandoned after being destroyed by an earthquake during the Byzantine period, but saw the light of day again with the excavations of Henrickh Schliemann in 1873.
The Museum of Troy, which is situated to the east of Hisarlık Hill exhibits the works found during the archaeological exvacations.
In the Vicinity of Troy (Attractions)
Neandria is an ancient town situated in Ezine district of Çanakkale, and was established on the granite ridge of Çığrı Mountain. The residents of the city settled in Aiollerce in the 8th century B.C., and were later expelled to Antigonia, a city which would later be called Alexandria Troas. The city walls which were approximately 3 meter thick and made from polygonal shaped Stones are the most magnificent ruins, with only the foundations reaching modern times. Another important ruin is the Temple which is dated to the 6th century B.C., and the Aeolian crests which adorned the columns of the temple are today exhibited in the Istanbul Archaeological Museum.
LARİSSA / BURUNCUK
The ruins of the ancient ciy of Larissa are in Buruncuk. The remains, which are on high on a hill show the development of Aeolian architecture, and are quite strong and in good condition in parts, on the city’s Acropolis. Other striking remains of Structures are the temple ruins and the peristillian houses.
ASSOS / ASSA
The remains of the Ancient city of Asos are situated in the Behramkale establishment in the Gulf of Edremit to the south of Çanakkale. The establishment is 200 meters above sea level, in the state of an acropolis city.