Cappadocia is a very special and valuable place for me. Because there is no wife in the world. The soft layers formed by Erciyes, Hasan Mountain and Güllü Mountain, eroded by rain and wind for millions of years, revealed an interesting and beautiful geography that can not be seen anywhere else in the world. This is called Cappadocia today.
Cappadocia means the Land of Beautiful Horses in the Persian language. This beautiful country has a geography that does not resemble anything you’ve ever seen before. This is because every year the world receives hundreds of thousands of visitors from all over the world.
Cappadocia Places to Visit
1 . Göreme
Güllüdere Valley; Güllüdere Valley, located between Sergeant and Goreme, is a region where many churches, monasteries and habitat remains. Güllüdere, which is popular as a trekking paradise where the fairy-tale formations can be watched best, is an area that can be walked on and only about 4 kilometers long. The Three Crusader Church and the Ayvali Church should be seen.
Güvercinlik Valley; The Güvercinlik Valley, a 4100-meter trekking valley that stretches from Uçhisar to Goreme in Cappadocia, where the Güvercinlik is heavily populated, takes its name from the pigeons nourished in the so-called pigeon cages carved in the valleys. Watching the pigeons is a nice place to enjoy the scenery.
Zemi Valley; The Zemi Valley, located on the Urgup-Nevşehir Road and extending in the north-south direction to the east of Uçhisar, is located between Goreme-Open Air Museum. The 5600 meter valley between the beginning of the valley and Goreme is one of the important treks suitable for nature walk. Sarnıç Church, Saklı Church, Görkündere Church and El Nazar Church are places to visit in the valley.
Love Valley; Also known as Bağlıdere Valley, Göreme-Uçhisar on the road starting from Örencik, Goreme-Avanos on the way to a place 4900 meters in length. Depending on the weather conditions of the balloon tours, the valley is definitely suitable for walking between Cappadocia destinations.
Sunset Point; Göreme is one of the most special places in Cappadocia to observe the sunset. Cappadocia is getting a reddish image at sunset time. Go here to finish the day with a beautiful view.
2 . Uçhisar
Uçhisar, the highest point of Cappadocia, is located 5 km from the city center. It is also known as Cappadocia’s gateway to the town on the hill where the most spectacular panoramic views of the whole Cappadocia region are made. Uçhisar is the accommodation center of today’s Cappadocia region preferred by high-income travelers. Wander through the historic streets, go up to the canal, stop by the souvenir shops.
3 . Avanos
Paşabağ, which is very close to Zelve on Goreme-Avanos road and known as Paşabağ Rahipler Valley, is one of the most important places in Cappadocia. A valley where interesting examples of hat-shaped fairy chimney formations can be seen. As its name implies, the valley and its surroundings, which are monuments used by the monks as retreats, are surrounded by souvenir shops.
Devrent Valley, also known as Hayal Valley or Perili Valley, is located in Avanos. The U-shaped structure of the vadin is Dervent, while the other one is in Kızılçukur. The middle part is called Zelve and Paşabağı. Situated only 10 minutes away from Göreme, the plows in the valleys form silhouettes that can be likened to many animals and people. See the Virgin Mary periwinkus, which looks like an open priestess at a distance, in the region of the famous Cappadocian where the famous camel figurine is located.
Located on the Goreme-Avanos road, 2 km from Goreme, Çavuşin is one of the oldest settlements in the Cappadocia region. The oldest structure of the village, a region where Christian dervishes and communities live, is the 5th century Baptist Church of John the Baptist. Kızılçukur and Güllüdere Vadis where 12 churches are located starts from the border of Çavuşun which is connected to Avanos. The Crusader Church near Güllüdere was also used for defensive purposes against the influx of Muslim Arabs. The best place to stay is Phocas Cave Hotel.
Güray Museum, the world’s first and only underground ceramic museum, presents thousands of years of rich cultural heritage of the region to visitors from many parts of the world. Tourists, who exhibit the historical development of traditional pottery and ceramics art, experience pottery making when they see all the stages of ceramics and pottery production. Cappadocia’s largest manufacturing and sales workshop is in the style of two-storey rock carved underground city, which suits the region’s architecture.
There are two important graves from the Ottoman period in Temenni Tepesi, where a monumental tomb was built by Vecihi Pasha in 1288 for Kılıçaslan. The mound in the middle of the hill was used as Urgup Tahsinağa Public Library. It is possible to see Erciyes and all of Urgup on the hill. The best place to stay is the Fresco Cave Suites.
Cappadocia Art and History Museum; The museum exhibits the historical, cultural and architectural characteristics of Cappadocia and exhibits more than 200 babies gathered from Turkey and the world. Handicrafted babies separated by thematic parts, costumes and original arrangements made with native and foreign visitors.
Sobesos Ancient City; Sobesos Ancient City, located south of Shahinefendi Village of Urgup, is located in the region called Örencik. The constructions which are estimated to belong to the 4th century and the 5th century are striking with the motifs of Sevastika, Meander and Cross.
Ortahisar, which is mostly known as Turkey’s cold air depot, continues the unspoilt local village life of Cappadocia, consists of tuff rocks in the village center and rock houses carved into the surroundings. Do not leave without seeing the Monastery of Tavşanlı, Harim, Sarıca, Cambazlı, Balkan Creek Churches and the Hallaç Stream Monastery, where the Christians left samples of monastic life before leaving the area. The village, where the first and only Ethnographic Museum of the region, which reflects the Cappadocian experience, is also located at a distance of 1 km from Ürgüp-Nevşehir.
Ortahisar Castle; The castle, thought to have been built during the Byzantine period, is located between Goreme and Ürgüp. There are corridors, rooms and tunnels linking each other within the castle, which was built for both a marriage and a strategic purpose. The peak of Ortahisar Castle, which can be reached by climbing and climbing, is an interesting viewing area and point of painting. There are two important tombs from the Ottoman period in Temenni Tepesi, where a monumental grave was built by Vecihi Pasha for Kılıçaslan in 1288. The mound in the middle of the hill was used as Urgup Tahsinağa Public Library. It is possible to see Erciyes and all of Urgup on the hill. The best place to stay is the Fresco Cave Suites.
Five kilometers from Avanos, Zelve is one kilometer from Paşabağı, one of the most important places to visit Cappadocia. It is the region where the three most prominent, sharp-pointed and wide-bodied peribacas are found on the steep and northern slopes of Aktepe. Especially in the 9th and 13th centuries, Zelve is one of the important settlement and religious centers of Christians, and it is also a place where monasteries are being educated at the same time. The most important structures in the valley are the Balıklı, Üzümlü and Geyikli Churches, which were built before the iconoclastic period.
It is known that the first settlement in the Ihlara Valley, the old name Peristremma, started in the 4th century. The Melendiz Stream is 14 kilometers long and 100-200 meters deep, forming a canyon, thanks to its unique geological feature, the frescoed churchs carved on the rocks have reached the present day as a treasure trove of history uncovered on the earth. The valley, which is one of the first places to come to mind in terms of Cappadocia, is located in the Güzelyurt District of Aksaray, Ihlara Town and north of Mount Hasan. Aksaray’a 40, 7 kilometers away from Guzelyurt this wonderful natural wonder, Cappadocia’s most special gift to visit.
In Cappadocia, there are underground cities like Özkonak, Özlüce, Tatlarin which are carved out of rocks, the biggest ones except Kaymaklı and Derinkuyu.
Kaymakli Underground City
Located in Kaymakli Town, 20 km from Nevşehir, 8-storey, 5000-capacity, 4-storey building is 20 meters below the ground. B.C. The city, which was known to have been built by the Hittites with its history going back to 3000 BC, was enlarged by continuing the carving process in Roman and Byzantine periods. In this huge underground city carved from tuff rocks, there are rooms and lounges connected to each other by corridors, wine storage rooms, water cellars, kitchen and storage warehouses, ventilation chimneys, water wells, churches and large barn stones that close the door from inside to prevent any danger from outside.
Mazı Underground City; Mazı Underground City, 18 km to Urgup and 10 km to the Kaymaklı Underground City, is famous for its numerous rock tombs from the Roman and Byzantine eras. There are four different entrances in the ancient town of Mataza. One of the most magnificent parts of the city, which is thought to have been built for a long period of time with an abundance of animal stalls and also with shrews, is the church reached by short corridors opened from the stables. Unlike the church, which is a vertically designed apsis, unlike Kaymaklı, there is a hidden pillar that provides passage to other parts of the church. Most of the passages are closed, so it is not known how much the city spreads, but it is thought to be at least as wide and deep as Derinkuyu and Kaymakli.
Gaziemir Underground City (Güzelyurt); Gaziemir Underground City and Caravanserai, which is located in Gaziemir Village, which is 55 km away from Güzelyurt’a 14, Nevşehir, is different from Cappadocia’s other underground city and caravanserai. The gate, which was built with the Hittite stone lapping technique at the entrance, is considered as the second example of the ridge after Boğazkale. The underground caravanserai used during the Byzantine and Seljuk periods throughout history is composed of a square in the middle and the chambers opened around it. In the underground city where there are two churches, a wine-making workshop and a large number of wine bottles, there are storage facilities, quarries, animal shelters and living spaces.
The rooms, which have been carved into slopes, or peribacles, have been home to people for hundreds of years. The rooms, created by carving stone carvings which can easily be carved and shaped due to the volcanic structure of Yarenin, offer guests an exquisite accommodation experience.