Eyüp is on of the Islam’s secred sites. Eyüp-el- Ensari, the flag bearer of Mohammed, died here in the 7th century during the Aran siege. His grave discovered during the conquest of Istanbul , was enclosed by a large mausoleum, and the first mosque in Istanbul was built next to it.
The original mosque, built by the conqueror, collapsed in an earthquake in the 18th century and was replaced by another mosque completed in 1800. On Islamic holy days and every Friday, throngs of believers visit the mauseloum of Eyüp. The centruies- old trees, flocks of pigeons flying and believers praying, create a lively and mystic atmosphere in the environs of the mosque and the mausoleums.
After the Conqueror, each succeeding sultan completed his coronation and sword-bearing ceremonies by visiting Eyüp Sultan. Cemeteries occupy the area around the mosque and the hills and slopes behind.
Eyup Mosque Map
History of Eyup Sultan Mosque
The name of the famous companion of Prophet Muhammad was Abu Ayyub al- Ansari (Halid ibn Zeyd). He embraced Islam along wih his wife in 621, two years before the Hijra (migration from the Mecca to Medina). When Prophet Mohammed come to Medina everyone wanted to put him up in their house. The prophet asked for his camel to be released, so that he could make decision according to where the camel stopped in front of the house Abu Ayyub al-Ansari, thus honoring him. The second floor of the house was prepared for the Prophet and Prophet Mohammed stayed there for seven months. For this reason, Abu Ayyub Al-Ansari is also known as the Mihmandar-i Nebi (Host of the Prophet). Abu Ayyub’s house in Madine was later used as a school to teach Islam. The prophet continued to visit this family, even after he moved to his own house. Abu Ayyup participated in all the battles with the Prophet, most importantly in the battles of Bedr, Uhud, Handaq, Khaybar, in the conquest of Mecca and the Battle of Hunayn, all of whic are of great impotance to Islam. Abu Ayup did not abonden the Prophet in the wars, always looking to protect him from those who wished him harm. Sometimes, Abu Ayyub would spend all night on guard duty near the Prophet’s tent. During the conquest of Khaybar, Abu Ayyub was on duty all night to prevent anyone from trying to assasinate the Prophet. The Prophet was pleased when he saw that Abu Ayyub was on duty, and he prayed God to protect Abu Ayyub in this world and next, who atyed awake whole night to protect him. Abu Ayyub help to record the Revelation and the helped gather all the Qur’anic verses during the life time of Prophet.
Abu Ayyub al-Ansari joined many battles. The last one he particepated in was the first Muslim Siege of Constantinople. Despite his age, he was hopeful of the gald things that Prophet Muhammad had mantioned in one hadith concering the conquest of the city: “Constantinople will be conquered. Blessed is commander who will conquer it, and blessed are his troops.” Abu Ayyub was in his eighties when he joined the army and came to Constantinople in 609. He took his place in the front row during the siege and the attacks on the city ramparts. He fell ill during the siege. The commander in chief of the army, Caliph Yazid, visited him and asked his last wishes. He answered, “I desire nothing from this world. I only wish taht you burry me at the farthest point you can go enemy territory, near to the city ramparts because I have heard from the Prophet that a good muslim would be buried under the city walls of Constantinople. It is my hope that I be that person.”
Abu Ayyub al- Ansari died in 669, while the siege was continuing. After his funeral, he was buried where he had asked. The Byzantines watched the this burial in astonishment from behind the city walls. After learning that the person buried in Constantinople was an important person for the Muslim and Prophet Muhammad the Byzantine emperor remarked that the Muslims shoul be aware that the emperor would exhume the body and feed the corpse to wid animals. The Muslims replied that the Christians would suffer greater losses if they were this. The Byzantine emperor then assured them the grave would be protected. The Byzantines erected a structure over tomb, which they respected and visited. After conquest of the city, at the time of Sultan Mehmed II, the first desire of the sultan was to find the grave. His mentor Akşemseddin discovered it. After finding the grave, Sultan Mehmed II buil a shrine over it. He also constructed a mosque and a madrasa around tomb, as well as establlishing a charitable foundation. The mosque and the other structures within the complex were completed in 1459. The mosque is the very first imperial mosque built by the Ottoman emperors in Istanbul. The importance of Abu Ayyub is reflected in the fact that the girding of the sword ceremony took place here. The girding of the sword was one of the most important symbols of the Ottoman sultanate and was carried out at the time of the enthronement of a new sultan. After the conquest of Constantinople, Sultan Mehmed II, started the girding of the sword ceremony in fornt of the tomb of Abu Ayyub al-Ansari. This tradition continued until the last Ottoman Sultan.
In Vicinity of Eyüp Sutan Mosque
The tomb of Abu’d Derda, Walking parallel to the sea shore from the south of Eyüp Mosque one can see Zalpaşa street next to the Kızılmescid Mosque. The tomb of Abu’d- Derda (Abu al- Darda) is located here, Next to Zal Mahmud Pasha Mosque.
There is a cemetery to the north of the Eyüp Mosque which takes about a ten-minute walk. This area known as Pierre loti is named after a French novelist who lived here from 1850 till 1923.
Miniatürk was opened by the Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality Head Office in 2003. The park contains 105 models of famous buildings. New Models are constantly being added the park. Visiting miniatürk is like a quick journey around Turkey. A minimum of 2 hours should be allowed.
The Golden Horn and its coast line have been brought back to life, and the Golden Horn is now lined with parks and gardens. One of the Most popular places here is the Rahmi Koç Industrial Museum.
The Aynalıkavak Pavilion is the only remaining structure from the Tersane or Aynalıkavak Palace, which was situated on the coastline and among the woody hills for three centuries. According to historical sources including Evliya Çelebi, a famous traveler and writer, it is thought that area on which the pavilion was constructed was an imperial retreat during the Byzantine Empire.