The Fascinating Bosphorus of Istanbul Turkey with images, made this bosphorus guide for you… You’re think about come to Istanbul? If you think, there is a unique place in the world which is everybody should see it. Do you know Bosphorus of Istanbul? Maybe you know others, for instance Bosphorus Orlando . Don’t make hay of two of them. One of them is Bosphorus of Istanbul in Turkey. The other one is in USA. So, Do you wanna know it? If you want let learn together. Ah! I have to say something. Before the start, sorry for my English. And also there is one famous bosphorus. İts name is Aneheim whic is a city in California, southeast of Los Angeles. It is home to Disneyland.
If I’m sure one thing in the world, The Bosphorus is exaclty worth to see it. It is definetely fascinating. Bosphorus view and natural beauty… When you see it, You will stop and you’ll start to think, “Where am I?” it is heaven? or some kind of like that? Don’t worry, You’re right, just it is not heavan. Bosphorus is a unique place, unique small worl in whole world. Like there is a river whic it piece two part to sea. Can you imagine? or Did you see something like that? If you saw, İs it worth to see again? I think definetely worth it.
Before the article, I think there are a few thing that you should know. You can jaunt around of Bosphorus and you can see so many things. If you want, You can stay in a hotel or inn in Old Quebec, enjoy a myriad of restaurants, bistros , sidewalk cafes, and yet you are only 40 minutes away from the great outdoors. Don’t worry There are so many bosphorus cafe, restaurant etc. And again if you want you can travel by cruise and you can see aroud of it easily. You can cary your staff. Maybe you’re wondering menu of restaurant. Ofcourse we can’t show menu of every restaurant. But, I can say something. When you jaunt around of it, you can find avaible place, avaible for every visitor. So, I think That is enough, lets start.
One of the most beautiful sights in the world, The bosphorus is a strait that runs a winding course between two continents from one sea to another. It is natural border between Europe and Asia and the only outlet of the Black Sea, which is connected to the Aegean through the Bosphorus and the Dardanelles.
The first bridge that connects Europe and Asia coasts of Istanbul is Bosphorus Bridge. The construction of the bridge started in 1970 and it opened on 29th, October, 1973 which is the 50th year of the Republic. The hanging bridge that lies between Ortaköy and Beylerbeyi has 1560 m total length and the highest part is 64 m higher from Bosphorus. It is 1074 m between the two towers supported by carrier cables having 165 m height. Bridge consists of two towers on both sides and an apron stretched between them hanged on two main cables with hanging cables.
With old waterside mansions, mosques, palaces, restaurants and beaches along it shores, the Bosphorus resembles a wide river. Woods and risidences cover the hills rising above it. It looks magnificent in every season and is especialy beautiful in the spring when adorned with the pink flowers of Judas trees. The Boshorus is unforgattable. Two forthresses, consructed halfway up the Bosphorus on opposite shores, stand facing each other. These Turkish fortresses, as well as other, earlier ones on the heals near the Black Sea, are military installations that show the strategic importance of the Bosphorus in ever age. Viewed from the Sea of Marmara, where the historic city looks most impresivve, the Bosphorus looks lika a small bay. The rest of the 30 kilometre long strech up to the Black Sea seems like a series of consecutive lakes. The first Bosphorus birdge (1.074 metres long) across the Bosphorus was completed in 1973 and the second one, named for the Conqueror, in 1988. Only an aerial view shows that the Bosphorus is actualy a strait. İt is a unique “sea- river”. The less sailne waters of the Black Sea flow towards the sea of Marmara on the surface, while below the surface, there is another current following in the oppisite direction. Due to these strong surface currents and the lack of roads, there were few settlements along its shores until the end of the 19th century, when small villages, imperial palaces and the summer residences of wealthy Ottomans and of foreign embassies started to appear along its shorea. Today, the residental disctricts along the shores, served by modern roads, suspension bridges and ferryboats, are within the city limits. Many seafood restaurants can be faound along the water’s edge. Ortaköy, with its jewel-box mosque and numareous cafes, bars and restaurants, is an espcially popular district. The strait, which was a river vallay in the Ice Age, has rich marine flora. It has an average depth of 50 metres and maximum depth of 112 metres. It is famous for the different kinds of fish caught along it shores as well as in the seas nearby. Certain species of fish migrate through these waters seasonally.
History Of Bosphorus
Istanbul Bosphorus, which forms a natural border between Asia and Europe and Connects Black Sea with Mediterranean, is an important sea passage. Even if religious buildings and Palaces were built in Byzantines ‘ strong period, only small agricultural and fisherman villages remained in guarded bays in its last period. Intensive settlement was prevented because of the unsafe atmosphere and inclined slopes that limits the coastline. Anatolian and Rumeli Fortress which were built by Ottoman Empire in order to control the strategic importance of Bosphorus gave Turks the chance to settle around before the conquest. The population density which started to increase in 16th century, due to the increase of well-endowed classes interest and reconstruction activities, was grazed from its rural identity. Bosphorus lived its most shiny period due to the intense structuring in 18-19th centuries when large meadows became the excursion and picnic areas of public. There were waterside palaces, kiosks and mansions on the shores, villages sustaining their production on the bays and valleys, hunting kiosks on the hillsides. The propertied class formed by the governing class prefers to come here mostly in summer, but the villages formed by lower classes were residential areas both in summer and in winter. Rumeli (European) Side was like a summer resort starting from the waterside palace of the Sultan on Beşiktaş, waterside palaces of the women members of the dynasty and high level governor agents on Ortaköy – Kuruçeşme, mansions of governor agents descended from Byzantine bloodline on Arnavutköy and summerhouses of ambassadors and mansions of foreigners on Tarabya – Büyükdere. On the Asian (Anatolian) Side there were rare settlements of lower level officials. Emigration movement to Istanbul that started from 1950’s, provided a natural increase in the population of the Bosphorus. Large forest areas turned into residential areas. Some waterside mansions were demolished due to the expansion of the coastline and constructed of new roads, then new buildings were constructed on their gardens. High parts of the hillside were expanded by settlements of villas. Fish restaurant, cafes and parks on the coastline of both sides are places where visitors can enjoy themselves.
The name “Boshorus” is derived from mythologhy and it means teh “Bull’s Ford”. Since it easily crossed, it facilitated the developmet of trade and other relations between civilisations in Asia and Europe. The Bosphorus, along with its extensions, teh Golden Horn, and the peninsula on wich the historic city of Istanbul Developed, have been a significant world centre for some 2,500 years. The travel of the Arganauts to the Black Sea is the first story in mythologhy about the Bosphorus.
Ferryboats leave from the pier at the entrance to the Golden Horn and those near Dolmabahçe Palace. Boat trips on the Bosphorus are also available on cruise boats owned by hotels and tour agencies, as well as privately awned and operated smaller boats. These trips run a zigzag course up the Bosphorus towards the Black Sea. Maiden’s Tower is at the entrance to the Bosphorus, and Dolmabahçe Palace is on the shore opposite Üsküdar. The Çırağan Palace Hotel and the Bosphorus Bridge are seen a little farther up. This suspension bridge links two continents. Ortaköy Mosque is near the foot of the bridge on the Europen side and Beylerbeyi Palace on the Asian side. Old seaside mansions intermingled withh modern residences line both shores of the Bosphorus, backed by hills adorned with many shades of green. The wide building with two towers, seen on the Asian side after the first bridge, is the famous Kuleli Military High School (19th century). The Bay of Bebek is a natural yatch harbor, and the 20th century mosque at the water’s edge is a small structure with classical elements. The Bosphorus is a winding waterway, and its narrowest point, nearly halfway to wards the Black Sea, is approximately 800 metres wide. The second bridge on the Bosphorus was completed in 1988 and named after Fatih Sultan Mehmed.
Robert College was founded in Istanbul,Turkey, by Dr.Cyrus Hamlin,an educator, inventor, technician, architect and builder, and Mr. Christopher Rheinlander Robert, a well-known philanthropist and a wealthy merchant from New York .
Initially Dr. Cyrus Hamlin, an ingenious New Englander of versatile talents, came to Turkey in 1839 to start a seminary for boys where he taught until 1860. He met Mr.Robert in 1856 during the Crimean War. As Robert’s steamer was pulling into the Port of Istanbul, he noticed a boat full of delicious looking white bread. His curiousity aroused, he found out that this bread had been baked by Cyrus Hamlin for the wounded British soldiers hospitalized at the Selimiye Barracks near Uskudar. Subsequent meetings of these two men, oddly enough both of Huguenot descent, brought about the founding of the oldest American College outside of the United States.
After considering several possibilities, Hamlin finally found what he thought was the ideal location for a college. It was a plot of land with a stone quarry belonging to Ahmet Vefik Pasa. The same quarry had been used by Fatih Sultan Mehmet (Mehmet the Conqueror) when he built his mighty fortress, Rumelihisari, on the European shore of the Bosphorus in 1453, just before conquering Constantinople. This blue limestone was used for all the College buildings constructed until the First World War.
At first Ahmet Vefik Pasa did not want to sell the land but, after being recalled from Paris where he had been the Sultan’s Ambassador to the court of Napoleon III, he was obliged to start negotiations and in 1861 decided to sell. The payment was to be made as soon as the ministry of education granted the permission to build; Hamlin was informed that no construction work could be commenced without the Sultan’s decree. Since Hamlin was aware that it might take a long time to receive such a decree, he rented the now-empty seminary building from the Mission Board.Robert College was named after is benefactor, Christopher Rheinlander Robert, and was granted a charter with the pover to confer a Bachelor of arts Degree on its graduates. On September 16, 1863, it opened its doors to students with Dr.Cyrus Hamlin as its first President. (for more information click here)
In The Vicinity of The Bosphorus
Yıldız Palace is a complex of mensions and gardensscattered over a large hilly area that overlooks the Bosphorus and whic is surrounded by high walls. Yıldız, the second largest palace in Istanbul, has now been separeted into various sections, each serving a different purpose. The five- hundred- thousand m2 grove was reserved for the sultan; after the first mension was built here in the early 19th century, the other quickly follewed. When Sultan Albulhamit II decided that this palace offered better security than Dolmabahçe, the complex quickly developed into its present form…
The Maiden’s Tower, This small and charming tower was built on an island at the entrance to the Bosphorus; it is recognized as one of the symbols of Istanbul. Used as a watchower and a lighthouse in the past, the Maiden’s Tower marks the entrance of the Bosphorus…..
Uskudar is located on the Anatolian shore of the Bosphorus. The district of Uskudar is surrounded by the Ümraniye to the east, Kadıköy to the south, the Bosphorus to the west and northwest and Beykoz to the north. The district covers thirty-five kilometres. The district consists of fifty-two streets.
Dolmabahçe Palace, The location of Dolmabahçe Palace is believed to be the spot where the Argonaut anchored while Jason was on his quest for the Golden Fleece. This is also the spot where Sultan Mehmed II isbelieved to have brought his fleet to land during the conquest of Constantinople; from here he was able to reach the Golden Horn. This bay, which acted as a natural harbor, is where the Kaptan Pashas anchored and where naval ceremonies took place. The land on wich Dolmabahçe stands was reclaimed from the sea starting from the 17th century and was used first as gardens for the sultan’s palace.
Rumeli Fortress, The fortress is located within the borders of the Sariyer district and has given its name to the location; it cover an area of 30.000 m2. The fortress was built at the narrowest section of the Bosphorus, just opposite Anadolu Hisari (Anatolian Fortress); when loked from above, the shape of the fortress resembles the name of the Prophet, “Muhammed” in Arabic.
Anatolia Fortress (Anadolu Hisarı), The Anatolia Fortress is located where the Göksu Stream meets the Bosphorus. It was constructed in 1395 by Sultan Yıldırım Beyazıd. Sultan Mehmed II added external walls when the was having the Rumeli Fortress built.
Haydarpaşa Train Station, This main terminal railway station was built in 1906 during the reign of Abdulhamid II by the architects Otto Ritter and Helmut Conu. Its construction took two years to complete.
Beylerbeyi Palace, The settlements in the district of Beyberbeyi strated to take form in Byzantine era. According to the famous eighteen-century traveler İnciciyan, the area was known as İstavroz Bahçeleri (Cross Gardens) because the great Empreror Constantine had erected a cross here. In the Ottoman era this was made into one of the imperial gardens.
Kadikoy, Around 1000 BC, a village was established by the Phoenicians in this area; this later was to become a Greek colony. The residental areas of this town extended to Moda. At this time, the named of the city was changed from Charcedon to Calcededon (or from Herkodon to Helkedon.)
Princes’ Islands, Büyükada is the largest of the Princes’ Islands in both area andpopulation and it acts as the center of the Islands. The island strecthes in a north-south direction and is geopraphically comprised of two hills that are separated by a gorge…..
Sariyer, Sariyer is the district where the Bosphorus begins its last curve to ward the Black Sea. Restaurants, cafes and former embassy summerhouses line the street that extends alon the shore and then leads to the Belgrade Forest on the slopes behind the Büyükdere, and on to Kilyos Beach on the Black Sea coast.