In almost every country in the world, there are places that fascinate people with stories and history. Those who have visited Turkey before will know that in Turkey you can see more than these places. To mention the most interesting points of Turkye, Zeaugma Antique city comes first. The world famous mosaics of thousands of years of history and diverse cultures are among the places that Zeugma Antique City Turkey should definitely visit. When talking about this open-air museum, we can use Turkey’s magical antiquity.
How to get to Zeugma Antique City?
Zeugma We will talk about the mosaics that are worth noting in the ancient city and the parts that follow from its history. But first of all, we want to talk briefly about how you can go to Zeugma. There are shuttle services from the city center to reach the museum. Apart from this, you can go to the city yourself. The ancient city is located within 4 km of the center. You can see the historic King’s Tombs when you approach the city on this road, which you follow by following the Euphrates River. Located on the slopes of the seven hills where Zeugma was founded, these historic tombs have a significant place in the world cultural heritage. When you see the tombs, you can see the Zeugma Museum, which was established at the meeting point of the hills by following the Euphrates River directly. We share with you the map of the ancient city of Zeugma.
Zeugma Ancient city is one of the most famous mosaic museums of the world with its cultural heritage from Roman period. The city’s history dates back to about 2300 years, and the city was built on an area of 21 decares. Greek mytholas and legends have been influencing the world for thousands of years. There are dozens of gods and semi-gods in Greek mythology in this ancient city. Since 1971, archaeological studies have been carried out within the borders of the ancient city. As a result of these works, the historical artifacts are exhibited in the museum as being well preserved. The Zeugma museum won the title of the world’s largest museum in 2011.
Historical monuments dating from the ancient city of Zeugma show how important this ancient city is in terms of history. Archaeological excavations are still under way today. There are still no excavations in some parts of Zeugma. We continue to find ministers of culture in order to get more out of this magical ancient city. One of the sad points about the ancient city is that; Some parts of the city remained under the dam waters that resulted in wrong government policies. In this part under water, it is known that many valuable works such as villas, baths, agora which reflect the Roman architecture of the period.
History Of Zeugma
“Selevkos Nikator”, one of the legendary commanders of history, is one of the most loyal supporters of Alexander the Great. Great Alexander the Great planned to spread Greek civilization throughout the world, while continuing his conquest, Selevkos Nikator saw this place on the edge of the Euphrates River and commanded that a city be built at this point. The city gave its name “Selevkia Euphrates” by combining its name with Selevkos Nikator, the name of the river.
After the time of Alexander the Great, the city was under the control of the Romans. In 64 BC the Roman emperor Pompeius was on the throne. He gives Antiachos, which helps him with more from the economic point of view, the magical ancient city against these aids. As an interesting information; Mysterious sculptures on Mount Nemrut, one of Turkey’s most valuable cultural heritage sites, were built by Anitachos with income from the city of Zeugma.
This city, which is located within the kingdom of the Commagene kingdom, was completely overtaken by the Roman empire over time. The name of the city, Zeugma, means “bridge” and “passage” in the Roman language. In the next period, a sad event happened to the city. The city was attacked by the Sassanid kingdom and was destroyed by the Sassanid king. The Silk road passing through Turkey’s borders and extending to China was also within the boundaries of Zeugma. For this reason, the city was one of the wealthiest cities of the time, but the end of the attacks of the Sassanid king could never reach its former richness.