Gaziantep, the region’s largest city, has always been a trade and accommodation center in every period for being on historical Silk Road. Knwon oldest settlement is Doliche located between Dülük and Karahöyük Villages, 10 km away from Gaziantep Turkey. Baal Temple of Teshub, god of sky and storm o Hittite was here.
Gaziantep Turkey was an important religion center in Hellenistic and Roman period starting from Hittites. This settlement lost its importance after the arrival of the Turkmen. Ayntab, the core of the current settlement located in the south, gained importance. This name was converted to Antep in time.
The first construction date of Gaziantep Castle located on a hill in the city center is unknown. It was substantially reapired during the Byzantine Emperor Jutinian.
The perimeter of the castle which was also repaired by Mamluk and Ottomans is 1200 meters. Construction date of Ömeriye Mosque, which is one of the oldest mosques of Gaziantep Turkey, is unknown. It is predicted to be very old considering the repair in 1210.
Footprints of various civilizations can be seen at Gaziantep Archaeology Museum. One of the major collections of the museum is very valuable mosaics which are brought from ancient city of Zeugma.
Amazing History of Gaziantep Turkey
Gaziantep as can be inferred from the Dolike/ Duluk residential units, the area dates back to prehistoric periods. The prehistoric finds in Gedikli Höyük and Tümen Höyük in Islahiye, and the outdoor sculpture workshop in Yesemek are important works. The Acropolis castle established on both sides of the Euphrates river in the Nizip district, in the 3000s B.C., became in important route during the Assyrian period due to its being on the trade route. It became the centre for politics and commerce of Northern Mesopotamia. It widened in the 7th Century B.C., with the settlement of the Galatians, Phrygians and Kommagens. In the 3rd Century B.C., the Makedon general Seleukos Nikalor, extended the Acropolis on behalf of himself and his wife, and founded Zeugma. The town entered into Roman rule in the 1st Century B.C., and the slope of the Acropolis was filled with various structures, temples and villas. A temple of the Goddess of Trade and Love was built on the Acropolis in recognition of the growing trade during this period. It was demolished, burned down and abandoned during the raids of the Sassanids in A.D. 252, and then again by the Arabic – Islamic raids of the 7th Century. In the A.D 12th century, the Turkmens came to the region and established the village of Belkis. The GAP (South- Eastern Anatolia Project) irrigation and energy project is the world’s largest project, an dis intented to recover Northern Mesopotamia, which was become barren and unproductive. For this reason, the Ancient city of Zeugma remained under the Birecik Dam, and is trying to be excavated with international support and co-operation, under the leadership of the Gaziantep Museum, with digs which began in 1987. 24 mosaicsi 93 mural paintings, and countless sculptures and seals madfe of clay (called bulla) have been recovered. These works are exhibited in the Gaziantep Turkey Museum.
Gazinatep Turkey Known For: Famous for the first Doliche sculpture school in the world Doliche, the world’s most famous Turkish Baklava made with pistachio nuts and pure butter, and famous for its kebabs.
Don’t Return Without Doing in Gaziantep Turkey
Food: Alinazik Kebab, Keme Kebab, New World Kebab, Cağırtlak (liver) Kebab, Gaziantep Baklava, Pistachio, Dtuffed Meatballs.
Shopping : Various gift items made by Gaziantep’s tradational handicrafts.
Trip: Rumkale, Zeugma, Doliche ancient cities.