Ankara is the capital of Türkiye, and was founded on a plain bearing its name in Central Anatolia. In the Scythian / Khatt language, Ankura means “the Temple of the Sacred Mother Godness”. There so many places, story, museum and natural beauty in Ankara. We’ll talk about all of them late part of article. But, before the article; I think we should answer to FAQ about this city.
Ankara weather is some kind of dry actually. Reason of this; there no sea in the city. Its geological located far wawy the sea. For this reason mild effect os sea don’t attractive the city. Ankara weather is too hot in summer and spring season and rain is too low. But, same when winter comes, Ankara weather is so cold.
Ofcourse there is a airport in Ankara. So, you can go Istanbul to Ankara easily. I think, you will need Ankara airport code. We’ll share with you.
Ankara Airport Code
Ankara and Istanbul
Ankara and İstanbul are beautiful cities of Turkey. But, If we have to make a one choice, I choose Istanbul. Because, I’m living in Istanbul and I love my city. Ofcourse, I saw Ankara city, but you know what they say; “There is not a place, like your home”. So for decide to between two cities, you should see both of them 🙂
Ankara is the capital of Türkiye, and was founded on a plain bearing its name in Central Anatolia. In the Scythian / Khatt language, Ankura means “the Temple of the Sacred Mother Godness”. It was later changed into Ankkyra and then Angora, before today taking to form of Ankara. Remains from the prehistoric period heva been discovered at Ankara Castle, near Hacıbayram and the Anıtkabir Hill. After the Khatt / Hittites, the Phrygians and Galatians became dominant in the region and made Ankara the capital of Galatia, while the Phrygians chose Polatlı near Gordion as their capital, and furnished the surrounding area of the Temple of the Mother Goddness Cybele at Pessinus with structures. The region was governed by the Macedonians in 333 B.C, and later by the Persians, Pergamums, Romans, Pontics and Byzantines, and conquered by the Turkish descent, Sultan Bayezit of the Ottoman Turks and Timur, face each other on Çubuk Plain.
Ankara was a shelter for the Turkish National Fight during the War of Independence led by Atatürk, and became the capital of the Repuplic of Türkiye on October 1923. The most important work in the city is the Ankara Fort, seen on a steep rock hill. The walls of the inner castle, consisting of two sections and two gates have been restored. The 20 towers of the outher castle are still standing. The Temple of Augustus near Hacıbayram Mosque, was originally the Temple of the Mother Goddness Anka – Cybele, who gave her name to the city. The name of the Temple is understood to have been changed to the Temple of Men during the Galatian period, with the transition to patriarchal beliefs, and then made the Temple for the emperor Augustus druing the Roman period. During this period, the ife story of Augustus was carved on to the wall of the temple. Other works in the city are the Roman baths on Çankırı Caddesi, and the grooved Julianus column from the Roman period, in Ulus. The important monument in Ankara is the Anıtkabir Mausoleum of Atatürk, consisting of the architectural styles of 11 Anatolian cultures, and standing in an area of 15,000 km2. Anıtkabir was built on November 1953, and Atatürk’s body is directly beneath the 42-tonne marble sacrophagus in the centre of the large hall. This in the from of a tomb museum displayed in light. The galeries around the mausoleum have been turned into museums, where artefacts belonging to Atatürk are on display. Other monuments in the city are Etnographic Museum, Atatürk’s House, Parliament Museum, Hacıbayram Mosque, Aladdin Mosque, Kocatepe Mosque. Works of the prehistoric period in the region are the Gavur Castle in Hymana, Kalecik Castle and Karoğlan. Ankara, the administrative centre of Türkiye, is famous for the course of the Hittite Goddess of the Sun, mohair wool, which is known as Angora in world literature, The Ankara (Angora) Cat, flatbread known as bazlama and its doner kebab.
Authentic shopping centres are located almost all over Ankara. Modern shoppimg centres are spread around various parts of the city.
Known for : Famous for Ankara songs, Seğmen games, the thermal mineral, the Ayas and Haymana spas, the Elmadağ skiing centre, the Beypazarı houses, and its local dishes. Angora goat wool, The Angora Cat, flatbread known as bazlama and its doner kebab are famous.
MUSEUM OF ANATOLIAN CIVILIZATIONS
In the Museum of Anatolian Civilizations, as one of the world’s most important
museums, works starting from Paleolithic Ages to today are exhibited in chronological
order. Buildings forming the museum are Mahmut Pasha Bazaar and Kurşunlu Han
which were built for commercial purposes. Bazaar (1464-1471) is used as the
exhibition hall, and Han which was built in the same period is used for administrative
Starting from bone and stone tools made by hunter and gatherer human societies,
works excavated from prehistoric cities such as Çatalhöyük, Hacılar are interesting
examples. Moreover, wors of Anatolian civilizations such as Hittites (1750-1200
B.C.), Late Hittites (1200-700 B.C.), Phrygia (1200-700 B.C.), Urartu (1200-600 B.C.)
constitute important exhibition groups in the museum.
Wide collections including golden, silver, glass and bronze Works belonging to
Hellenistic, Roman and Byzantine periods and coins starting from the first money till
today represent valuable cultural assets. The museum is open to visitors except
TEMPLE OF AUGUSTUS
Walls adjacent to Hacı Bayram Mosque in Ulus are a remnant of of Temple of
Augustus. Another temple built in name of moon god Men and fertility goddess
Kybele was located in here in the 2nd century B.C. Temple of Augustus was built in
name Roman Emperor Augustus by King Pulamenes, son of last Galatia emperor
Amintos in years between 25 and 20 B.C. The reason it survived in a good condition
today is the result of being used in each period. It was converted into a church by
Christians, then it was converted into a mosque. It was used as a madrasah after the
construction of Hacı Bayram Mosque.
One of the interesting features of the temple is the Latin and Greek inscriptions
describing the works Augustus did. These occupations Augustus wrote himself, were
hanged in his tomb after is death; the ones in the Temple of Augustus are the copies
The mosque next to the temple was built in name of famous sufi and poet Hacı
Bayram-ı Veli (1352-1429), his mausoleum is adjacent to the south wall. The
mosque, was built entirely in brick in years between 1427 and 1428.
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, the founder of the Republic of Turkey, died in November 10,
1938; his body was put into the Ethnography Museum in November 21, 1938. To
acquire a monumental status of love of Turkish people to him, Anıtkabir’s foundation
was laid in 1944. It was completed in 1953 after 9 years of work. Atatürk was brought
to his eternal resting place in November 10, 1953 after the 15th year of his death.
Anıtkabir which was surrounded by Barış Park, has been decorated with sculptures,
reliefs and arnaments created by the most outstanding artists of Turkey.
The first section of the structure which consists of three sections, is the Road of
Lions; the second section is Ceremonial Plaza where the Road of Lions led; and the
third section is Mauseloum. On the both sides of 262 meters long Road of Lions,
there are 12 sitting lions statues on each side. Lions symbolize the power and
strength of the Turkish nation. Ceremonial Plaza at the end of the road is in size of
129 meters to 84.25 meters, and it has a capacity of 15,000 people. Around the
plaza, there are symbolic sarcophagus of Ismet Inonu, Special Atatürk Library,
Atatürk and War of Independence Museum and Mausoleum.
Mausoleum, the most important structure of Anıtkabir, is climbed up by 42 stairs. It is
in size of 72 meters to 52 meters; and it was surrounded by 14.40 meters long
columns, 8 in front and back, 14 in side façade. Symbolic sarcophagus of Atatürk
stands in Hall of Honor which is entered from bronze doors. The actual burial
chamber is under this sarcophagus; it has an octagonal mausoleum architectural
style, and its ceiling is decorated with geometric mosaic patterns. Around the red
marble sarcophagus in the center of the burial chamber, brass vases sent from all
provinces are aligned.
Gordion, as the capital of ancient Phrygia, is in Yassıhöyük Village connected to
Polatlı; it is near Ankara-Eskişehir Highway and 90 km away from Ankara. Phrygians
came from Macedonia and settled in the south and southeast coasts of Marmara Sea
during the period of the collapse of the Hittite Empire. Groups consist of tribes, was
arrived Polatlı region, namely Gordion in 1100-1000 B.C. The city began to gain
importance in the 9th century B.C. The emergence of Phrygia as a strong central
government was in the middle of the 8th century B.C. Gordios and his son Midas
(738-696 B.C.) are famous kings of the period. Name of the capital Gordion came
from the Phrygian King Gordios.
It lived its heyday during King Midas, son of Gordios, period. Gordion was burned
and destroyed by Cimmerian invaders in 696 B.C. Although, Midas suicide for not
standing to this destruction, king family lived as principalities in Gordion and Central
Anatolia. The city had stayed under the sovereignty of Persia until the coquest of
Alexander the Great in the 4th century B.C. Gordion turned into an ordinary village
during the Roman period, and its importance was reduced.
There are five place remains in the center of Gordion.
They were covered with geometric design mosaics made from dark red, dark blue
and dark yellow pebbles. In the west of the palace, 8 megarons (the structure which
has an entrance hall in the front and large hall in the back) in size of 11 meters to 14
meters were aligned.
One of the most important features of Gordion is more than 80 tumuli (agglomerated
grave) around it. The largest of them which is in diameter of 300 meters and 53
meters high is important for being the second biggest tumulus in Anatolia. Burial
chamber is reached by a 140 meters long tunnel. This tomb is thought to belong to
King Midas. Many of the gifts discovered in the burial chamber were moved to the
Museum of Anatolian Civilizations, and some of them to Museum of Gordion.
Hattuşaş, the capital of Hittite Empire which ruled in Anatolia for centuries, is in
Boğazkale district and 80 km southwest of Çorum. A city called Hattuş was located in
here where Hatti people lived. When Hittites conquered the city, they converted name
Hattuş into their language as Hattuşaş or Hattuşa. Hattuşaş stayed as the capital of
Hittite Empire until the empire collapsed by the attacks of Thracian tribes in 1190.
The first walls of the city were built by King Hantili I in the early years of 16th century
B.C. the first city was smaller than the current city. Total length of the city walls is 7
km. All the protected gates of the city (south, east and west) are decorated with
reliefs. Yerkapı that gives a path through the southern walls, is also called Sphinx
Gate because of the sphinx statues on either side. 71 meters long tunnel under the
Sphinx Gate is opened to the city. A relief of Hittite King who was considered as a
god is seen on the inner side of the King’s Gate whics holds eastern wall gate. Lion
statues depicted on the outer side of the Gate of Lions, which gives a path through
the western walls, are the examples of Hittite art that survived till today. They were
placed here to frighten evil spirits. Official buildings, reception hall, achieve and
emperor palaces were located in Büyükkale which formed the acropolis of the city in
14th and 13th centuries B.C. Remains dated to 7th and 6th centuries on the southern
and southwestern slopes of the acropolis are from Phrygian period.
Many temple remains were discovered in the ancient city. The largest of these was
built by Hattusilis III (1275-1250 B.C.) in the northwest end of the city. Structure which
covers an area in size of 160 meters to 135 meters has more than eighty rooms.
Tesup and Arinna, The storm god of Hittite blessed the sun goddess Hepat in here.
Open air rock temple of the Hittite Empire was located in 2 km northeast of Hattuşaş.
This open-air temple was created by parlaying two natural rock waterspouts
(galleries). There are 63 reliefs in the big gallery, god figures on the western wall, and
goddess figures on the eastern wall. On the northen wall where two rows connected,
the storm god Tesup and his wife sun goddess Hepat were displayed. The biggest
relief of the big gallery is the relief of King Tudhalia IV (1250-1220 B.C.) who is also
thought to build the temple. Small gallery may allocate to Tudhalia IV after his death.
King Tudhalia is seen as covered by Sharruma, the protective god. There are also
reliefs of 12 god and Sword God Nergal in this gallery.
Alacahöyük, located in 45 southwest of Çorum and 160 km east of Ankara, is an
important center exdenting to 4000 B.C.
The first one on four discovered structure floors belong to the settlement of Phrygians
which represents 650 B.C. and later. The second floor which the remains still can be
seen is dated to Hittite Empire period (1466-1190 B.C.)
There is a magnificent Sphinx Gate in the southeast of the city. Orthostats depicting
hunting scenes and religious ceremonies are placed to two sides of the gate. A big
temple consisting of buildings rising around a courtyard is discovered.
The third culture floor is dated to Old Bronze Age (2500-2000 B.C.). Discovered king
tombs are the most important finds of this age. Dead gifts consisting of golden, silver
and bronze works indicates that these tombs belong to the dynasty. These works are
preserved in the Museum of Anatolian Civilizations in Ankara; and some finds are
preserved in Museum of Alacahöyük.
Must-see places : Museum of Anatolian Civilization, Ataturk’s Mausoleum
Do Not Return Without Doing
Food: Ankara Fry, Alabörtme, Calla, Kadınbudu, Meatballs, Omaç Soup, Toyga
Soup, Bici rice, Altüst Pastry, Moon Pastry and Entekke Pastry.
Shopping: Large shopping centers such as Ankamall, Arcadium, Atakule, Carrefour
and Karum can be visited.
Trips: Ankara Abdi İpekçi Park, Altınpark, Botanical Gardens, Göksu Park,
Wonderland, Swan Park, Atatürk Forest Form are the main recreational areas.
Around Ankara, Kızılcahamam-Soğuksu National Park which is famous for its heling
waters, 75 km away, Beynam Forests in Bala, Çubuk Dam Lakes, Lake Mogan, Lake
Eymir and Salt Lake can visited.
Health: Kızılcahamam Springs and Ayas Springs are the main spring locations. The
most famous animals of Ankara: Ankara cats, Ankara goat, Ankara rabbits.
Ankara being capital city, 13th October.
International Ankara Music Festival, April.
International Ankara Cartoon Festival, May.
International Ankara Theatre Festival, November.
Flying Broom Women’s Film Festival, May.
Ankara Film Festival, October.