The name of Şanlıurfa Turkey in Hellenistic period was Edessa. Syrians formed Kingdom of Osroene, making Edessa the capital in 132 B.C. The state living connected to Rome later was eliminated in 244 A.D.
Şanlıurfa Turkey is called “City of Prophets” because of Abraham, Eyyüb, Suayb and Elyasa who were believed to live in Şanlıurfa. There are various remains in Sanliurfa Castle which’s constrcution date is unknown. The most interesting works in here are two columns with Corinthian Heads in height of 17 meters. These columns were erected during Osroene (Edessa) King Ma IX period (240 – 242 A.D.)
History of Sanliurfa Turkey
The residental unit of Şanlıurfa is on the Harran Plain in Southeastern Anatolia, between the Euphrates and Tigris in the north. The name of Sanliurfa in the Scythian language “Adasa”, meaning the “Castle of the Great Goddess.” This name later becaome Edesa and then Urha during the Assyrian period. Inhabited since prehistoric times, the land of Mesopotamia means between two rivers, and the Harran Plain in the region to the north has been occupied by the Pelasg, Sumerians, Assyrians, Babylonians, Aramaics, Hittites, Chaldeans, Persians, Macedonians, Romans, Byzantines and Arabs, and passed into the hands of the Seljuk Turks in 1086. The founder of the monotheistic religions, the Prophet Abraham lived in the area which is known as the land of the Prophets, and, asnarrated in the holy books, believed in only one God, and destroyed the idols. He was, together with his disciple, Aynzeliha, thrown into fire by her father Nemrut, who herad this, but with a divine power the location of the fire was transformed into 2 large lakes with fish which were deemed to be sacred swimming in them. Later, the Halil İbrahim Mosque and Complex were built on the edge of the lake. Places to visit are the house of the Prophet Suayip, and the cave with its healing water, belonging to the Prophet job, who is regarded as a symbol of patience. In addition the Abbar Christians constructed the Red Church on behalf of Christ in Şanlıurfa Turkey, and dipped his sacred handkerchief into the holy water, and used it to heal the sick. Another important work in the city is Sanliurfa Castle, which built in two sections as an acropolis city, in a rocy area, and with three gates and 25 bastions. At the top of a high hill within a mountain range to the south west of the city, there are the flat reefs known as the Throne of Nemrut. Various rock-carved tombs can be seen under these rocks. In addition, there are a castle at Birecik/ Birtha, the Siverek Castle, the Çarkelik Caravanserai, the Barur Caravansarai, and the ruins of the city of Şuayip, from the Assyrian period, in mountains east of Şanlıurfa. Located 40 km south of Şanlıurfa Turkey is the Harran/ Karrhai Plain, which gives its name to Northern Mesopotamia.
Today’s Sanliurfa Turkkey Guide
Rahman and Ayn’i Zeliha lakes also known as the “Pool of Sacred Fish” are one of the most visited attractions of the Sanliurfa Turkey. According to the religion books, King Nemrut threw Prophet Abraham who fought against pagans into the fire and it is claimed that this event was held in Urfa Castle. After seeing this, Zeliha, adopted daughter of Nemrut, jumps into the fire. Allah orders to fire that “O fire! Be cool and peaceful to Abraham”. Thus, fire turned into water and firewood into fishes. The place where Prophet Abraham fell was called Halil-ur Rahman Lake and Zeliha was called Ayn-i Zeliha Lake.
It is unknown when or by whom the Ulu Mosque which is located in the center of the city was built. It is believed to be built in the second half of the 12th century. It was built on Red Church which was named because of the red marble columns. Gümrük Han as one of the most beatiful examples of the city was built in 1562. There are bazaars protecting their historical features as the old trade center around this Han. Şanlıurfa is also famous with its famous Sıra Nights where bitter coffee and tea are served, raw meatballs and desserts are eaten, music is played. Sıra nights are not only for entertainment, but it is also an environment for talking serious issues, cheating and creating solidarity environment.
Sanliurfa Turkey Known for
Famous for Şanlıurfa Turkey Baliklı göl, the fish filled lake of the Prophet Abraham, Sanliurfa Kebap, raw meatballs made with red pepper flakes from Sanliurfa, and the liver Kebap which is eaten early in the morning.
Must – See Places of Şanlıurfa Turkey
Fish Lake, Sanliurfa’s Bazaars.
Don’t Return Without Doing in Sanliurfa Turkey
Food: Raw meatballs, Urfa Kebab, İsot, Şıllık Dessert, Peliza, and Bostania.
Shopping: Gold and Silver jewelry (Rustling), Hızma, handcraft products.