Haghia Sophia is one of the most valuable architectural works of world history. Hagia Sophia is told with various legends from day to day. The church has been the largest religious center in the region since it was first built. Later, after the Conquest of Istanbul (1453), it was transformed by the Ottoman Empire. How to go to Hagia Sophia in Hagia Sophia, where is Hagia Sophia, about the history and architecture of the Hagia Sophia museum. It is one of the most important masterpieces of the world with its architecture, architecture and art. Hagia Sophia is the largest kiln built by the Eastern Roman Empire in Istanbul. It has been built three times in the same period as it has seen earthquakes and fires throughout history. When it was first built by East Roma, it was given the name “Ekklesia (large church)“. Later, Hagia Sophia’s name became “Sacred Wisdom.” It was used as the most valuable cathedral of the coronation of the kings during the period of the East Roman empire. After the declaration of the republic, Hagia Sophia became a museum with the order of Atatürk.
How to get to Hagia Sophia? Entry Fees
Hagia Sophia is located in the historic peninsula of Istanbul opposite the Blue Mosque. It is also right next to the Basilica Cistern. After arriving on the historical peninsula of Istanbul, you can walk to the Hagia Sophia Museum. If you do not want to walk, you can use public transport.
Tram: You can use Bağcılar – Kabataş tram line to go to Hagia Sophia. After you get to the tram, you can get to “Gulhane” stops by “Sultanahmet” and reach to the museum.
Train: You can come to Sirkeci by using Halkalı-Sirkeci Suburban train line. After you stop at the Sirkeci stop, you can reach the Hagia Sophia Museum by walking for about 15 minutes. You can use the Bağcılar – Kabataş tram line.
Hagia Sophia Museum Address: Hagia Sophia Square – Sultanahmet Fatih / Istanbul
Summer Season – 15 April – 25 pm 09.00 – 19.00
Toll Closing Time: 18.00
Winter Season – Between 25 October – 15 April 09.00 – 17.00
Box Office Closing Time: 16.00
Entry fee: 40 TL. (About 12 – 13 dollars)
Haghia Sophia Museum History and Architecture
Hagia Sophia (first church) was first built by emperor Konstantios between the years 337 and 361. When the church is first constructed, it is covered with wooden roof. The Great Church has unfortunate historical events before sacred wisdom. Between 395 and 408, the popular uprising started on the grounds of political clashes between the emperor’s wife Eudoksia and the patriarch of Istanbul, Ioannes Chrysostomos. During the popular uprising Ayasof was burnt and destroyed. Since the first Haghia Sophia was burnt, it is not possible to find any more remains from it. It is thought that today the emperor-symbolic bricks in the museum’s trench are left from the first Hagia Sophia church.
After the first church was destroyed, Hagia Sophia was decided to be rebuilt. Second church emperor II. It was rebuilt by Theodosios in 415 AD. This structure has become a unique example of early Byzantine architecture. The entrance to the second church was made more magnificently than the entrance of the first church. The Second Church was destroyed in the reign of the emperor Justinianos as a result of a popular uprising formed by the union of traders and tradesmen. Today it is possible to see the evidence of the second church in the Hagia Sophia. On the western side of Hagia Sophia, the magnificent entrance gate of the second church can be seen. Also, as a result of archaeological studies carried out in the museum, remnants of the second church were found about two meters below the Hagia Sophia museum. As a result of these excavations, relief works were also found representing twelve apostles in the same way.
The Hagia Sophia Museum you see today was built by Isidoros and Anthemios, the two most important architects of the time, within a short period of five years. The last, the third Hagia Sophia, was completed on 27 December 537 and opened for ibatdet. Famous historian Prokopios, when the Hagia Sophia opened, the emperor Justinianos came in and said, “I helped you pass me by.” The Emperor means the Solomonian god in Jerusalem in these words.
Innovation in the architecture of the third Hagia Sophia is to bring together the traditional basilical plan and the central dome plan. There are three nephi, one apsi, two internal and external narthexes. Apsisten is 100 m in length up to external nartekse. Width is 69.50 m. The height of the mound is 55.60 m above sea level and its diameter is 31.87 m in north-south direction and 30.86 m in east-west direction.
The Emperor became obsessed with Hagia Sophia in time. As a result, Hagia Sophia ordered his men to order architectural works from different angles of the empire by ordering them to be the world’s most valuable architectural artifact. The white marbles in the building were used in the Marmara Island, the green ones in Euboea Island, the pink marbles in Afyon and the yellow marbles were brought from North Africa and used in Hagia Sophia. In the interior walls of the building; Symmetrical shapes were uncovered by dividing the marbles into two blocks in a single block and decorative richness was created by using the marble colored marble in the interior. It is also known that the columns brought from the Temple of Ephesus Artemis in the structure were used in the naves, and the eight porphyry columns brought from Egypt were used under half domes. There are a total of 104 columns, 40 of which are in the lower gallery and 64 of which are in the upper gallery.
The inner surface of Hagia Sophia is covered with mosaics which are very valuable in terms of world art history. For the mosaics in the Haghia Sophia there are many myths in time. You can read the secrets of the mosaics from the historical sources in detail from the secrets of the Hagia Sophia mosaics. Hagia Sophia was plundered during the Latin invasions (1204 – 1261) to Istanbul after the magnificent period in which the kings made the coronation ceremony. This majestic structure was damaged by the plunder during the invasion.
Haghia Sophia began to be used as a mosque after Fatih Sultan Mehmet conquered Istanbul (1451). It is known that Hagia Sophia was scattered after the rains. The Ottoman Empire has made rigorous architectural renovation work on this structure. Later, during the Ottoman period Haghia Sophia was built with Islamic religions. When you visit the museum, you can see the writings of “Allah” and “Muhammad” written in Arabic.
Since Hagia Sophia is a historical building of thousands of years, it is difficult to tell the full of its architectural features and its history in an article. For this reason, we have briefly told you on behalf of not to bother our lover. We will prepare more detailed articles on the history and architecture of Hagia Sophia.
Hagia Sophia is located on the historical peninsula of Istanbul. This area was used as the city center of the Ottoman Empire. For this reason, it is home to many historical monuments and important places. You can visit the Hagia Sophia museum in about an hour. But around Hagia Sophia, there are places like Blue mosque, Basilica Cistern, Suleymaniye Mosque, Gulhane park. Once you have finished your Haghia Sophia you can easily walk to these places without using any tools. Blue mosque is right behind you when you leave the entrance gate of the museum. On the left you will find Basilica Cistern. If you want to take a longer trip, you can go to Eminonu by following the Kabatas-Bagcilar tram line and you can see great places like New Mosque, Spice Bazaar.
You can share your thoughts about this unique architectural masterpiece with us in the comment field.