” Oh IstanbuL! You are the most enchanting of the names that fascinate me. “Pierre Loti”
Istanbul is one of the most developed cities with almost all the features of Turkey. In addition, this city, which has over ten thousand years of history, is quite rich with its natural beauties and historical buildings. If you are planning to visit Istanbul, you definitely need more time to visit the city in one day and two days. We decided to prepare a detailed Istanbul guide for our visit with the reason that the country is the most visited city. In Istanbul guide we will share with you the places to visit the city, the weather, the hotels, the airports and many other features to make your trip easier. We will show you the Istanbul guide in chapters. We will talk about the general features of the city in the guide part 1 of Istanbul.
Istanbul is one of the most important cities in the world in terms of geopolitics. It is like a bridge connecting Asian and European continents. For this reason, in the past, great empires such as Rome , Byzantium, Ottoman Empire lived in Istanbul. In the city there are many historical sites belonging to these three turnovers. Basilica Cistern, Hagia Sophia, Blue Mosque are only three of them. There are plenty of places to visit in almost every region. We will talk about the general features of this wonderful city in the Istanbul guide part 1.
Like we said before, Istanbul is a unique city connecting Asia and Europe. With this feature, it gives unforgettable memories with its scenic views. Istanbul, European Side and Asian Side. Historical half near European side; Blue mosque, Hagia Sophia, Basilica Cistern. There are plenty of places worth seeing on the Asian side too. We will examine the details of both sides of the guide in the next part of our series.
A Brief History of Istanbul
It consists of three main sections with historical main lines of Istanbul. These are known as prehistoric period, Eastern Roman period, Ottoman period. The foundation of this city is based on a legend. According to the legend, King Byzantion followed the path that the hero showed him and established an ancient city where the present city of Istanbul was found. Istanbul is one of the most important cities in terms of world history. Since its foundation, it has been in great civilizations and has been known as a very important city in every period of history. It is considered sacred in some sacred legends and myths. The effect of religion is great when the Ottomans wanted to conquer Istanbul.
Throughout its history, Istanbul has become the capital of the Roman Empire, the Latin Empire, the Byzantine Empire and the Ottoman Empire. Of these empires, three were arguably the strongest rulers of their time. In 1923, Ankara remained the capital of Turkey until it was the capital city. Istanbul has been an important city for nearly three thousand years and a capital city for one thousand six hundred years. It has a cosmopolitan structure because of the many different civilizations in Istanbul throughout its history. Istanbul is now known as a world capital.
If you want to visit a city, the weather conditions of that city are important to you. One of the most curious topics about Istanbul is how is Istanbul’s weather? The city is located at the intersection of climate zones. For this reason we will share the climate features of Istanbul with you in general terms. What season can you travel? What do you need to wear? You may have an idea about these questions.
Mediterranean climate in some regions of Istanbul, Black Sea climate in some areas can be seen. During the winter season, the warm winds coming from the Mediterranean are influenced. It is usually rainy in the winter months due to rainy weather coming from the Black Sea. The average annual temperature is 13-14 degrees. The average annual precipitation is 720 – 780 mm. 40% of the precipitation occurs in the winter months and twenty percent in the spring. Overall, the summers are hot. In the winter months, the coldest periods are snowing. When the temperature does not fall, there is a rainfall. The number of snowy days in a year is approximately ten days. These climatic features are due to the short planting of the Istanbul plant cover. The regions where the Black Sea climate is dominant are more forested areas.
Airports of Istanbul
When you visit a country in our guide book in Istanbul we will be referring to one of the most curious issues in the airports. How many airports are there in Istanbul? Where are these? How can you get into town. Istanbul currently has three airports that are actively used. These; Atatürk Airport, Sabiha Gökçen Airport, Istanbul Hazerfen Airport … There is also a third airport which is currently under construction. It is projected that this work will be used effectively in 2020.
Atatürk Airport: Also known as Yesilkoy Airport. It is located on the European side of Istanbul. It was the beginning of air travel in Turkey at the beginning of the 1900’s. In 1953 he started to work internationally. According to statistics, it is known as the world’s busiest 20th airport.
When you get to the airport, you can reach Istanbul by using taxi services. If you do not want to use taxi prices because they are expensive, you can switch to other points of Istanbul with the metro system connected to the airport. You can also use Metrobus services within the city.
Sabiha Gökçen Airport: This airport is located in the Pendik district of Istanbul. Her name was taken from Sabiha Gökçen, the world’s first woman war pilot. From Sabiha Gokcen you can use the taxi located here to reach the different points of Istanbul. You can also go to different parts of the city by using the subway system except taxi.
Istanbul Hezarfen Airport:
Istanbul Hezarfen Airport is within the boundaries of the Arnavutköy district of Istanbul and has a land of 500 acres in the north of Büyükçekmece Lake. Since 1992, Turkey has served as the first internationally registered private airport.
Turkish Airlines is the best quality airline company you can use for your visit to Turkey. It is among the best quality companies of Europe and the world. You can find more information and comments on Turkish Airlines here.
Turkish Cuisine in Istanbul
Turkish cuisine is an archive of delicious dishes that have been famous all over the world. Especially during the Ottoman period, different foods were produced for the health of the people of the palace and for the enjoyable feeding. Since the geographical borders of the country were scattered over three continents during the Ottoman period, very different food cultures united to reveal wonderful tastes. In the first part of our Istanbul Guide article series we will give you a few restaurants where you can eat these dishes in the best possible way. We will also tell you about the Istanbul restaurants that provide the best service in different parts of the city, in Istanbul guide part 2 and later articles.
In Istanbul you can go to Villa Bosphorus restaurant for a great view of the Bosphorus and for a delicious meal to eat. The price may be high because it is a luxury place, but it has an incredible view and has special Turkish cuisine recipe of master chefs. Maiden Tower, which has become a symbol of Istanbul, has a restaurant service. You can enjoy unique tastes from Turkish and world cuisine in the most beautiful and romantic view of the city. We recommend you to bring your camera with you because there is a Maiden Tower’s restaurant and a wonderful view of the Bosphorus. The Anjelique restaurant, which has one of the most spectacular views of Istanbul and is located in a historical mansion, also serves you with great food.
Istanbul Accommodation Guide
Because it is one of the most popular cities in the world, there are many shingles in Istanbul. Whether you want luxury accommodations, you can stay in the hostel. In Istanbul guide (Part 1) we will share different hotel options with you.
Those who want to stay close to the city center in Istanbul can evaluate hotel options like “Castel Hotel, Cordial House Hotel, Piya Hostel“. Those looking for a cheap but good service hotel to stay in Istanbul can rate hotel options like “Academia House, Ex Istanbul House, Castel Hostel“. “Dila Suites, the Neorion Hotel, Millennium Suites” is among the most recommended hotels in the city.
Istanbul Guide (Part 2)
In Istanbul, the number of the police is 155 for any bad situation you may have. Here we finish the first part of our article titled Istanbul guide. However, as we mentioned at the beginning of the article, the city is quite large and the places to see are quite large. In the Istanbul guide (Part 2) we will examine the historical peninsula. What are the most valuable areas in the city? How to go to places to visit. How is Istanbul night life? Where you can eat delicious food of Turkish cuisine. Where you can stay. You can find answers to these and similar questions in the Istanbul Guide (Part 2) in our historical peninsula. Please share your comments about this beautiful city with us.