Prehistoric settlement in Siirt was established by the Asagarta who were very probably a branch of the Scythians. Later Assyrian documents referred to these people and the settlement they had established as Zigirtia, ehile during the Urartian period this name was converted into Sagard. The most important works to be seen on the soil ehere the Tigris are Batman, which keeps its rich ancient history, and the ancient town of Hasankeyf, which, with its more than one thousand caves and historical monuments is a wonder of nature. Today, these are the places where most petrol is extracted in Turkey. The Great Mosque within the castle was built in the Ayyubids period, in the half of the 14th century, on top of the remains of an ancient structure, but it is understood from the inscriptions that it was repaired and altered in later periods. El-Rizk Mosque was built in 1409 by the Ayyubid Sultan Suleyman. However, only part of the northern front, where the partal gate was, and the minaret have reached modern times. Writings on the minaret, plant decorations, the fact that the minarets is two-way, and the inscriptions on the portal gate are amazingly nice. Koç Mosque is thought to have belonged to the Ayyubids. From the surrounding remains, it is seen that the structure is within a complex.
Siirt Turkey Known for: The most famous product of Siirt is the Siirt blanket made of mohair. Siirt, kebab, Büryan kebab and pine nuts are also very famous. The most important works in the city are the Great Mosque, Asakir Mosque, the Mosque of the Republic and the Chaldean Catholic Church. In the Aydınlar district- known as Tillo in ancient times- within the provincial boundaries of Siirt, there is the tomb of the famous author of Islamic ethics, Marifatname, Ibrahim hakkı, and the Sultan Mahmud Mosque and Tomb. Also, in the Baykan district, there is the tomb of Veysel Karani, who the Holy Prophet of Islam Hazrat Muhammed gifted his cardigan to.