The region of Cappadocia is today located within the borders of the province of Nevsehir. It is understood to have been initially founded as an acropolis fortress on a relatively high hill south of the city. The name of the Nevsehir in the Scyhtian / Khatt language is “Nenassa”, meaning the “New Fortress of the Mother Goddess New”. Indeed, the fortress town was named as Muşkara and then Soanda during the Hittite period, and then became Nevşehir, meaning the new city in the Ottoman period. Another important work in Nevşehir Turkey is the Kurşunlu Mosque Madrasa and Complex, built in 1726 by Ibrahim Pasha. The Hacibektaş district to the north of the provincial boundaries is a place founded by the famous religious scholar and thinker of the Turks in Central Asia, Hacibektasi Veli, who is of the Yasevi Alperens. The Hadji Bektashi Dervish Lodge and Complex here consists of 23 sections and contains the tomb of Haci Bektas. The most important saying of Haci Bektas is, “keep control of your hand, your waste and your tongue”. The archaeological artefacts and etnographic materials excavated in the region are exhibited in Nevşehir Museum.
Nevşehir Turkey Known For: Famous for Haci Bektaş Veli, testi Kebabi, its melons, potatoes, grapes and wines.
Urgup Turkey is located 20 km east of the centre of Nevşehir province. The name of the city in the Scythian / Khatt language is “Arekopae”, meaning “Chief Place of the Altar”. Indeed, the steep cliffs carved into the valley of River Damsa Tomisos and placement of houses, was named Chief Fortress during the Seljuk Turks period. On the slopes of the valley in the region, as a result of rain water and wind erosion, are fairy chimneys and houses carved into rock, which create and interesting display. Today it serves as touristic accommodation, with its vineyards and wines. Ortahisar Castle can be seen near Ürgüp, shaped like a castle, with white tuff and hundred of shelters from rock carvings.
Urgup Turkey known for : Famous for its restaurants and night clubs carved into tuff rocks.