The construction of the Nuruosmaniye mosque began on the orders of Sultan Mahmed I. The mosque that started to be built during time of Mahmud I (1730- 1754) was completed in 1755 during the time of Osman III (1754 – 57) and is a unique baraque work.
Nuruosmaniye Mosque History and Architecture
The architects responsible for the structure were Mustafa Agha and his assistant Simeon. The mosque is constructed on a high platform. Its two doors of the outside courtyard open to Nuruosmaniye and Grand Bazaar. This mosque is a unique Baraque masterpiece with its three-dimensional stone onerments. The place of worship is covered with a single dome carried by four large arches with a diameter of nearly 26 meters. The single dome has thirty-two windows alon the base. One conspicuous element in its interior is the dome and along the walls. The two minarets have two balconies each. The Nuruosmaniye Library has more than 5,000 works, both manuscripts and painted works.
Windows are ornamented with the writings of the famous calligraphist of the age. The half dome of the mihrab is ornamented with rich motifs and its forms a pentagon planned bulge from the outside. Apart from the wall of the mihrab, roomy galleries surround the structure in three directions. One can reach the hünkar mahfili (the location where the sultan had their salah) of the mosque from an elevented platfrom rising in “L” shape from the direction of North-East. Some innovations were tried the structure and its inner courtside without a fountain is organized in a circular way different from cornered courtyard application seen in other mosques.
The minarets at the two edges of the last congregation area end with stone cones instead of lead cones.