This mosque was built on the orders of Pertevniyal Valide Sultan, the wife of Sultan Mahmud II and mother to Sultan Abdulaziz, in 1871. The architect was Armenan architect Sarkis Balyan. It is located in the northern part of Aksaray. The exterior is different from the classical Turkish architectural style. It is neo- Gothic in style with intricate stoneworks. The mosque sits on a square plan and has two minarets that have grooves running their length. The dome looks more like then dome of a church, being high but narrow. The interior of the mosque is decorated with calligraphic inscriptions from the Qur’an, excuted by the calligrapher Mehmed Efendi. The shutters of the mosque are rather impresive, as wall as the main entrance gate that faces the center. This is a rare example of Turkish stone carving. Shutters made of stone complete the door.
The mosque has no district style because the intention was a cultural synthesis. The interior decoration is very attractive. The niche and the pulpit are both made of marble. It is recorded that the opening ceremony of the mosque was magnificent. The mosque rests in a small complex consisting of the mosque, a fountain, a library, and the tomb of Pertevniyal Valide Sultan.
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