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Real History of Blue Mosque

-Attractions June 7, 2016
1,615 views

And in this article, we’ll introduce to Blue Mosque Istanbul . Have you heard real history of Blue Mosque? Blue Mosque is one of the most famous mosque of Istanbul even maybe most famous one. So, Do you know Sultan Ahmet Mosque. If you think come to Istanbul, you should see it . Because it is most important monument that Ottoman Empire left. You can visit it every day of week. İt opens to visitors every time. But there are some rules that when you come to mosque you have to do them. Don’t worry, all of them are simple to do them. You can do easily.  First of all you shoul know, what are the Blue Mosque hours for visitor. We can explain for you easily. And I think there is one thing you should know, There is a another mosque as known same name; it is Blue Mosque Afghanistan. Ofcourse you know it is not same mosque. Both of them belong to the Islamic belief system but both of them are not same. Diffrent countries, diffrent mosques…

Blue Mosque Hours

Opening hour of  Blue Mosque       |      Closing time hour of Blue Mosque

08:30                                              12:30

14:15                                              16:15

17:15                                              18:30

For Fridays : Opening time is 14:30. This day is diffrent. Because in Islamic bilief system fridays are special days. There is a rituel of Islamic belief system. Every friday, The muslims have to prayer for God in same time. Like a Sunday in a church. So, you leraned Blue Mosque Hours lets know together it. But firstly, I apoligize for my English.

Note: Also you should know one thing. Blue mosque is active mosque, so the mosque is closed to worshippers for a half hour or so during the five daily prayer.

BLUE MOSQUE HİSTORY

The Sultan Ahmed Mosque, one of the most revered masterpieces not only of Turkey but of the entire Islamic world, inspires deep admiration in all those who visit it. This mosque with six minarets, built between 1609 and 1616, is a striking example of the classic Turkish mosque and surrounded by many monuments dating to earlier phases of history of Istanbul. The fine silhoutte is a prominent part of IStanbul’s beatiful skyline as seen from the sea.

At the exit of Topkapı Place, the Blue Mosque greets us like a depiction of Ottomon glory. And I think you shoul know, Blue mosque architect is Sedefkar Mehmed Agha, a pupil of the famous architect Sinan. Blue Mosque construction lasted 7 years. It is said that Sultan Ahmed I, who broke the ground for the foundations, carried many rocks to be used in the consruction of the Mosque. Sultan Ahmed wanted the mosque to be built across from Hagia Sophia. The grand opening ceremony was attended by the great sheikh Aziz Mahmud Hudai. When going from the Sea of Marmara to the Bosphorus, Topkapı Palace, Hagia Sophia and the Blue Mosque complite a united front; this skyline has become associated with Istanbul. The Mosque consisted of the Royal Pavilion (Hünkar Kasrı), the imarathene-i amire (charitable establisment), sübyan mektebi (primary school), Darüşşifa (hospital), darükurra (school of reciters ) hamam (Turkish baths), water fundations, sipahi (cavalry) chambers and the shops. Most of these structures have been torn down.  The remaining parts of the mosque complex consist of the tomb and a madrasa.

Blue Mosque İnterior and Architecture

İt was built by Sultan Ahmed I (and named after him), the mosque is known throughout the world as “the Blue Mosque,” from the dominant colour of the paint and ceramic tiles generously used in Blue Mosque interior decor. The architect designed and built the mosque as the core of a complex with such founctional buildings as a covered bazaar, a Turkish bath, a public kichen for the poor, a hospital, schools, a caravanserai and later the tomb of Sultan Ahmed I. Unfortunately, some of these structures have not survived.

Blue mosque architecture is really good. If you interested in these kind of thisngs, I mean building, construction or architecture … Definetely, You shoul see this mosque. Because it is one the most important masterpieces of the world. Lets learn together. And you have already seen the inside of this mosque If you looked at Blue mosque pictures which thay are from top. And remember Bluea mosque facts  can be suprised you…

The main entrance to the mosque is on the side facing the anicent Roman Hipodrome and opens onto the outher court of that surrounds a podium  with the main structure and the inner court. Through the door to the inner court, above the oblution fountain and the colonade surrounding the main building, one can see the series of cupolas rising in the beautiful harmony.  After passing through one of the three enterences to the main building, visitors are impressed immediately by the colorful decor of hand- painted ceramic tiles and stained-glass windows. The interior space of the mosque exhibits perfect harmony. The central cupola and the four spherical semi-domes are supported by broken arches and four thick, grooved pillars. The central cupola of the mosque is 23,50 m. in diameter and its height at the keystone is 43 m. The walls of the galeries on three sides of the nave are covered by more than 20,000 magnificent hanmade İznik tiles. and in this part of mosque you can se handmade Blue Mosque calligraphy. The higher parts of the walls and the inner surfaces of the cupolas are painted, but blue was not the original colour. The colour that earned the mosque its name was applied to the walls during a later restaration, and at 1990s the dominant blue paint removed and restored Blue mosque’s interior to its original appearence. In the wall facing the enterance ar the mihrab (the prayer niche facing the Kaaba in Mecca) and the beautifuly carved, white-marble minber (pulpit). To the left of the mihrab is the Sultan’s loge, which resembles a balcony. The interior of the mosque is illuminated by natural light through 260 windows.

The mihrab (central prayer niche ) and minbar (main pulpit) are exqusite examples of marble carving. The window and door shutters are wonderfully decorated with mother -of – pearl inlay and the vaiz kürsüsü (pulpit) is and example of the wood work. On the both sides of mihrap are large chandeliers and a piece from the Hajar al- Aswadç The Hünkar Kasrı is the first of its kind. The entrerence to this pavilion, which just out from the building, has two rooms. The entrance to the second storey is via an elevated platform. The minbar is gilded and ist Made of Marmara marble, and high quality material was used. The sultan would pray the first Friday preyer after ascending tho the throne either in the Blue Mosque or in Hagia Sophia. The Blue Mosque was greatly admired by visitors to the city and the became on of the symbols of Turkish Islamic architecture.

The interior cupolas, semi domes and arches, echoing th exterior from of the mosque, are painted. The mural inscriptions, each line in itself a work of art, are verses from the Koran. Sunrays stealing in through the windows at diffrent angles at diffrent times of the day add colour to this beautiful monument. Viewed from the land side, the Sultan Ahmed Mosque, withs its system of cupolas and semi domes, has the apperance of a pyramid rising over a base of chestnut and plane trees. When the mosque was built, Moslem clergy criticized this mosque for having as many minarets as the mosque at the Holy Kaaba, but Sultan Ahmet solved the problem by having a seventh minaret added to mosque in Mecca. The bolconies on the minarets are reached by spiral staircases whis the “müezzins” used to climb five times a day to call the believers to the mosque for paryers. Nowadays, public-adress systems are used.

From the Asian coast at the entarence of the Bosphorus, the skyline of Istanbul at summer sunset has a fairy-tale quality, offering the viewer a unique and memorable experience. Winter brings Istanbul occasional snow fall. The view of numerous cupolas under snow gives the city’s monuments an entirely diffrent look.

The rules of Islam dictate that every good Moslem practice namaz (Moslem Prayer) five times a day. When they hear the muezzins chant call to prayer from the minarets, believers perform ablution and rush to the mosques. The noon prayer on Fridays, morning prayers twice a year on religious holidays, the last prayer of the mounth of Ramadan as well as funeral prayers must be said in the mosques with the congregation, whereas all other prayers may be said at the designated times at any suitable place. Imams, who recite verses from the Koran, lead the prayer in the mosques, where women and men occupy separete quarters. While men pray at the front and centre, women sit at the back and the sides. The structures of classic Turkish mosques permit most of the congregation to see mihrab even on the most crowded days. While the higher parts of the walls of the Blue Mosque are painted, the walls of the women’s galleries are covered by beautiful ceramic tiles, made speacially for the mosque by order the Sultan.

In The Vicinity of Blue Mosque

Sultanahmet Square used to be an arena for chariot races, and was the sporting and social centre of Constantinople in the Byzantine Period. In 532, more than 30,000 people are estimated to have been killed here during the Nika revolt. The square, which maintained its tradation as a hippodrome during the Ottomon Empire, houses three columns that were erected in the East Roman period. You can visit this part of Sultanahmet square in 30 minutes.

The Egyptian Obelisk, was brought from its former location in fron of the temple of Luxor in Egypt. It was brought by Emperor Theodosius I by sea and was erected in its current location in the Hippodrome in Constantinople in 390 A.D. Oriiginally, the obelisk was erected for Pharaoh Thutmosis III in 1700 B.C. The tall obelisk, approximately 20 meters high, is made of pink granite and covered on all four sides by hieroglyphic pictograms which recount the glories of Pharaoh Thutmosis III and depict the anicient Egyptian god Amon- Ra. At the very bottom is a marble base which has epigraphs in Greek and Latin while there are scenes retelling the erection of stone pillar and chariot races on the other two sides. The obelisk is the oldest monument in Istanbul and is located exactly in the middle of the hippodrome. The reason for its relocation in Constantinople was, in addition to decoractive purposes, to demonstrate the dominance of the East Roman Empire and its superioty over Egypt. One of the two stone pillars in the Hippodrome was brought from Greece, while the other was Roman. The reason for erecting the pillars here was to show that the source of sience and philosophy was Byzantium, that is, the superiorty of Rome over the former Greek and Egyptian civilizations.  You can visit this part in 5 minutes.

The Serpentine Column is a uniqe work of art in Istanbul. The serprntine column consists of three intertwined snakes. Their triple heads once sported a golden tripod. Thirty-one Gree city states defeated the Persians in the 5th century B.C.., and they had the bronze column buşt from Persian weapons that were melted down. The 8-meter high column was originally placed next to the altar of Apollo in Delphi. It was later relocated in the middle of the Hippodrome in Constantinople by Constantine I in 324 A.D. The triple snake heads were in place until the 7th century, but later these were lost. One of the pieces is located in the Istanbul Archaelogical Museum. You can visit this part in five minutes.

The stone obelisk, The exact date of the construction of this column is unknown. In the 10th century it was covered with gilded bronze and copper plaques by Constantine VII. This obelisk had sunsheads atteched to it to protect the spectators who had come to watch athletic competitions in the Hippodrome. One competition days, the sunblinds would be opened to provide shade. However, dring the Fourth Crusade in 1204, the gilded bronze plaques were destroyed and looted.

Museum of Turkish and Islamic Arts, The İbrahim Paşa Palace has been used as the Museum of Turkish and Islamic Arts since 1983. It is the only palace to have survived, except for the palaces of the sultans The elevated structure on a vaulted base envelops three sides of the terrace. Stairs lead up to the first part of the Museum from the terrace. In the rooms and the lobbies very rare works of art from various countries in the Islamic world are exhibited.  Among the most precious samples are fine collections of stonework, terracotta, metal and ceramic objects, glassware, calligraphy, and manuscript. You can visit this part in one hour.

The Binbirdirek (1001 Colums ) Cistern, is located to the west of Blue mosque square. After having been cleaned out in recent years, the cistern was connected to the road that lies alongside it, vian aqueduct.  The cistern, which has been converted into a museum, measures 64×56. It dates back to the 4th century A.D., and was built during the reign of Constantine the Great. It is recorded that it was built by a man called Philoxenos. You can visit this part 30 minutes.

Little Hagia Sophia and the Workshops, The structure of the little Hagia Sophia Mosque was biult by the Byzantine emperor Justinian. It is located at the end of Little Hagia Sophia Street between Cankurtaran and Kadirga in the Eminönü Discrict of Istanbul. This mosque was formerly the church of St. Sergius and Bacchus before being converted into a mosque. The lower colums inside the edifice bear and inspcription that state the Emperor Justinian I dedicated the tample to Saint Sergius and Saint Bacchus. The church was transformed into a mosque during the reign of Sultan Beyazid  II by the Chief Eunuch Hüseyin Agha, and a minaret was added. You can visit this part in 15 minutes.

The German Fountain, was a present from the German Emperor Wilhelm II to the Sultan Abdulhamid II in 1898 as a commemoration of Turkish-German friendship. It was transported, piece by piece, from German and installed in Istanbul. Both of the rulers were present at the opening ceremony. The dome is covered with gold mosaics. In the Ottoman times, sweet drinks would be dispensed to the public from the fountain on religious holidays. You can visit this part in five minutes.  

 

 

 

 

 

 

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