Would you like to know the secrets of the Hagia Sophia mosaics? In this article we will explain the mosaics, one of the most important curiosities of the Hagia Sophia museum, one of the most wonderful masterpieces of history. We will evaluate all the mosaics in the museum together with their paintings as a result of the research we have done for you. Before describing the mosaics, it would be more appropriate to start by briefly describing Hagia Sophia. Among visitors to our site, we may have no information about this wonderful work. For this reason, you can be satisfied with the short explanation we will make here, or you can read many articles you like about Hagia Sophia on our site. Haghia Sophia can be defined as follows.
The Hagia Sophia (Divine Wisdom) Museum is one of the most valuable masterpieces of the world dating from the 6th century. It is located in the old peninsula of Istanbul . This museum is located just opposite the Blue Mosque and the Yerebatan Cistern, as we know from our visit to Istanbul. The appearance of Hagia Sophia in the historical sources is based on the Byzantine Empire. This work was first started in 390. It was Konstantinus, the son of Great Constantine, who decided to make a museum with wonderful architectural features that reflected the architectural style of the Roman period. However, as a sad event in historical history; Hagia Sophia has survived quite a lot of earthquakes and fire. The first architectural structure made was made entirely of wood. Unfortunately, the end result of a fire-fighting historical work as a result of the use of wooden building mortar in Hagia Sophia is almost entirely burnt. It was decided by Emperor Justinianus to rebuild in 532 over the remains of the fire that it had passed. The Hagia Sophia Museum, which you can visit today, is the continuation of this work. This monumental work is regarded as one of the most important masterpieces of history, and the mosaics it hosts are also quite curious.
Mosaics and Explanations of Hagia Sophia
1 . VI. Leon Mosaic
It is considered to be one of the most valuable mosaics hiding the secrets of Hagia Sophia. Strangely, Jesus is sitting on a throne that resembles the emperor’s throne during the time of the painting. When Jesus is paying attention to the figurine, it is seen that he holds the one who closes himself with one hand, and the other holds the open bible. In terms of art historians, it is still unclear what the mosaic is telling. It is important to note here that Greek is written on the bible in the mosaic, “Peace be with you, I am the light of the world“.
2 . Holy Presentation Mosaic
This mosaic is one of the most important mosaics of Hagia Sophia. It is located on the Vestibule Gate. The mosaic is so beautifully crafted that it requires an art history that is quite dominant to fully explore. In Mosaic, Mary is the main attraction. Mary is built on a throne, and there are monograms of the words “METER and THEOU” in the words of the woman that she is the mother of God. This wonderful mosaic was found by “Fassati” during the studies on the Hagia Sophia.
3 . Apsis Mosaic
In this mosaic there is an unknown sacred dedication. In this sacred dedication, Hz. Jesus is drawn as a baby. The mosaic is located in the middle part of the quarter dome of Apsis. Notice that Hz. You can see that the Mary figurine is built on precious stones and carries child-idiographic figures in her lap.
4. Two Angels in the Apsis Mosaic
Gabriel (Cebrail) to the right of the apse arch, Mikail (Mikhael) mosaic to the left. Nowadays only a part of the flank and the foot of the Mikail (Mikhael) portrayal can be seen. Mosaic portraits are dated to the second half of the 9th century.
5 . Angel Describes on the Dome of Hagia Sophia
One of the most interesting points of Hagia Sophia is the domes. The construction of the museum’s domes is still being studied today. The Haghia Sophia domes are almost perfectly regarded in terms of architecture. Over the course of time, as the earthquakes and fires that the buildings had undergone had caused damage to their domes, they were later repaired and managed to reach as far as the day.
The most interesting of the mosques of Hagia Sophia are the images of the angels on the dome. According to the analyzes that are made, these angel paintings portray the four great angels of the heavenly religions. Mikail (angel responsible for nature events), Gabriel (an angel who believes that God’s messages convey to humanity), Azrail (death angel responsible for ending the life of people), Israfil (the angel bringing the Day of Resurrection). According to the legend, depictions of angels in the mosaic describe the protection of the god’s throne by the angels. During the Ottoman Empire, the face of one of these angel depictions was covered with a metal cover, and today the repair work was done again and the face of the resultant angel was reopened.
6 . Patriarch Mosaics on the Tympan
Unfortunately, these mosaics are not preserved as healthy as everyday. The reason for this is that Hagia Sophia has faced various disasters such as fires and earthquakes over time. However, three of the mosaics have reached the daylight. In the first niche, Istanbul Patriarch Young Ignatios, Istanbul Patriarch St. Ioannes Khrysostomos in the fourth niche, and St. Ignatios Theophoros, Patriarch of Antioch in the sixth niche. The mosaic fragments seen in the seventh niche are thought to belong to Athanasios.
7 . Composition of the Deisis mosaic
No doubt that this mosaic is one of the most valuable mosaics of the museum. It is accepted not only for the Hagia Sophia museum but also for the world art history. This mosaic depiction is regarded as the beginning of the Renaissance period. When examined carefully, one of the most important stages of Christianity is described in this mosaic. When it comes time to judge after the Day of Judgment Mary and John are seen begging for the forgiveness of mankind in front of Jesus Christ Almighty. As is known, in the faith of Christianity, people have sinned by crucifying Jesus. Jesus gave his forgiveness for the people who crucified him. This event is regarded as a reflection of the thought that the suffering that is experienced in the world is evaluated in the presence of the god.
At the same time, the mosaic carries the artistic traces of the Hellenistic period. This situation makes the mosaic full of these secrets of the Hagia Sophia museum more valuable.
8 . Komnenos Mosaic
Mosaic panoda Emperor II. Ioannes Komnenos and his wife Hungarian Eirene and his sons II. Aleksios is located. Likewise, in this mosaic Mary depicted with the baby Jesus in her lap. “Emperor of the Romans Porphyrogennetos Komnenos” (born of porphyry) was written and this expression is a nobility mark indicating that the Emperor came to earth during his father’s reign. The emperor’s head is written around “Pious Augusta Eirene“. Briefly, in this table, a picture of him and his family was made in order to legitimate the emperor of the period. At the same time it was drawn to reinforce the idea that the religious gods contain the legal throne commissioned by the emperor god. Within this mosaic is the young prince who died at the same time in 1222. Notice that the weakness of the prince figure in the mosaic appears. Here the young prince’s disease is described.
9 . Zoe Mosaic
Mosaic panoda, Emperor IX. Constantinos Monomakhos (1042-1055) and the Empress Zoe. As in other mosaics, the figure of the king (emperor) plays a great role in this mosaic. In the vicinity of the emperor figure in this mosaic, there is an article in the form of “The Faithful King of the Romans, Constantinos Monomakhos of Jesus Christ of God“. The language in which this article is written is latin. In the same way, there is an inscription on the female figure in this artwork of Hagia Sophia in the form of “Very Religious Agusta Zoe“. There is also a figure of Jesus in Mosaic. In addition to the figurine of Jesus, abbreviations of the names of the king and queen can be seen in Latin.
10 . Emperor Aleksandros Mosaic
This mosaic depicting Emperor Aleksandros, the period administrator, is located in the north gallery of the Hagia Sophia museum. During your trip to the museum you can avoid this mosaic. Because the mosaic is not as brilliant as the others. It is portrayed in a corner that does not attract the attention of more people. It is one of the most robust mosaics of the day. Historians who have studied the history of the term say that this depiction tells the loyalty of the Emperor’s brother to him.
11 . Mosaics in the Chapel Chambers
In this section, which is called the priestly chamber, the gallery opens on the forehead of the door, in the composition of Deisis, Hz.Mary and the mosaics of the Prophet Jesus (pbuh) came full-time and the image of John the Baptist (Ioannes) is distorted. In addition, from the monasteries located between the figurative motifs composed of wide branch folds dated to 6 centuries and other figurative mosaics in this section; The mosaics thought to be the depictions of Peter, Andreas, Lukas, Simon Zeoletes, Prophet Ezekiel, Helena of the mother of Emperor Constantine I, did not arrive at full daylight. This part of our museum is not seen by the sight because it is used as a store for the Icons and Church Furnishings.
There is a lot of research on Hagia Sophia and a book written as a result of these researches. Over time, we will publish more articles for this museum, which is considered one of the world’s artworks. I would like to briefly talk about those who want to visit museums during their visit to Istanbul Turkey. Hagia Sophia is located on the historical peninsula of the city of Istanbul. You can find guides for both the city and the museum on our site. To enter the Hagia Sophia museum you have to pay an entrance fee. For these fees, you can find the entrance fees from the resources section we will share at the end of the article. In order to go to the museum you have to go to the district of Fatih, Sultanahmet. This part of the city is very convenient for transportation facilities. If you wish, you can get off at Sultanahmet stop by using the tram line at Besiktas or Eminönü district. If you join city tours at the same time, you can visit many different places on the same day with Hagia Sophia. If you want to travel freely yourself, you can travel by taxi to reach this part of Istanbul. And if you want to stay in a place not far from Hagia Sophia, you can choose hotels like “Beyazit Hotel and Hostel, Mia Suites 2” which provide cheap and quality service.
If you have visited the Haghia Sophia Museum which is one of the most precious artworks that shed light on before, please share your ideas and information with us in the field of comment.