City of Seleucia (Silifke) was founded by Seleucus I Nicator in 3rd century B.C., in the west side of the Göksu River where today’s Silifke is located. Temple in the center od Silifke Turkey from Seleucia was built in 2nd century A.D. One column of the structure in Cointhian order still stands. There was a Roman bridge build in the 1st c century instead of the modern bridge over Göksu River passing through the middle of Silifke Turkey.
Empreror Frederick Barbarosa was drowned in this river in 1290 A.D., during the third crusade.
History of Silifke Turkey
Founded in the south of Anatolia, on the fertile land where the Kalikadnos Göksu River meets the sea. In the archeaological research on Silifke Castle, in the area known as ancient Clicia, it was discovered that the region had been inhabited since the prehistoric period, and was situated on the route connecting Central Anatolia, through the Göksu Valley, alon the mountains regions of Cilicia, to the Mediterrenean Sea. Silifke Castle was restored by the Seleucid Nicator in the 3rd century B.C., and brought the its current state. He city was the metropolis of the Isaura State during the Roman period, and was burned and destroyed by Arab raids in the A.D. 7th Century. In 1254 it was seized by Islam Bey of the Turkmen Avşars. Silifke Castle today in on rocy hill, and is 4 km long. There are the remains of a palace in the middle of the Silifke Castle, and a secret passage down to the Göksu River was built during the Ottoman period. South of the Silifke Castle, and ancient theatre with rows of seats, and the pelipteros planned, 8×14 columned Temple of Apollo can be senn. Other works in the region are the Kalikatnos Bridge, and the church of the first saint of Christianity, Hagia Thecla, to the East, Korykos Maidens Castle on a small island, 150 m from the shore, the “Cave of Heaven”, 75 m. deep on the mainland, in a naturally subsided area with an underground river, and the “Cave of Hell”, where patients with leprosy left, next to it, and the rock carved Virgin Mary Church.
Today’s Silifke Turkey Guide
Meryemlik which is a holy place of Christianity is located on Taşucu Highway, a few km south of Silifke.
St. Thecla, student of St. Paul, hid in an underground cave which was converted into a church and became a sacred place because of the pagan pressures. It was used as a secret worship place until the release of Christianity in 4th century A.D. It was also an important visit center from the early years of the middle Ages. Church of St. Thecla, cisterns, sacred path and tomb ruins can be seen as well as this cave which was converted into an underground church in 4th century A.D.
What You Should Do in Silifke Turkey
Trips: Sacred places as Cambazlı Churches, Meryemlik, Heaven adn Hell Caves and Alahan Monastery, and remains of ancient city in Uzuncaburç around Silifke Turkey can be visited.