Did you hear Grand Bazaar? You’re think about come to Istanbul , and maybe think where should I see? So, we can help you. If you came to this there so many place in the city that you should definetely see. You can sure about that. One of them is this place, I mean Grand Bazaar (Covered Bazaar). In this article we’ll try to tell story about Grand Bazzar.
Before the article, I’m sure, yo have a few questions in your mind about the Grand Bazaar. We can try to answer your FAQ. If we miss one of the your questions plaese write to bottom of article for a comment. Are there shops in this place? This is one of the most seach FAQ about this oldest Bazaar. Ofcourse, If you ver see to this place this is right question. Yes, there are so many shops in this place. And is there any jewelry store? This is other question about it and answer it; yes. Actually, You can find so many jewelry store in this Bazaar. I’m sure, you’re wondering Grand Bazaar hours or Grand Bazaar map. Am I right? You can see the map and the hours schadule of it where is under the this line. And also we’ll write for you Grand Bazaar address.
Grand Bazaar Hours and Map
Grand Bazaar is open from 8:30 to 19:00 for visitors.
İs there Starbucks in this place? This is the another question about it. The answer is no. And again before the article I have to mention something. There is another Grand Bazaar from foreign country. Don’t make hay of two of them. This bazaar in Istanbul and the other one is in Tehran which is definetely different country from Turkey. So, I think we’re ready to learn about the this oldest Bazaar.
Grand Bazaar Definition
This oldest and largest covered market place in the world is in the centre of the city. Resembling a giant labyrinth, it consists of approximetely sixty lanes and more than three thousand shops. This unique and interesting market place is a must see for visitors. This place built an area for the shops selling items needed by the textile industry. This İç Bedesten, the nucleus of today’s Covered Bazaar, is a rectangular area, surrounded inside and out by shops. The covered city-like bazaar continiued to grow over time. In the old days, each lane was reserved for a spesific profession and the quality of the handicrafts produced was carefully controlled. Business practices were governed by strict tradational athics. Valuable fabrics, jewels, weapons and antiques were sold by merchants whose families had dealt in the same trade for generations.
The Bazaar survived earthquakes, and a few fires towards the end of the 19th century. During repairs it lost original form and features, and went trough a period of decline. Today, many of the streets in the bazaar have changed character. Guild such as the “quilt makers”, “slipper makers” and “fez makers” exist only in the street names. Jewelers line the main street in the bazaar, with goldsmiths on a side street. Prices vary, and bargaining is customary in these small shops. The Covered Bazaar still retains its old charm and is and attractive sight to see, but since 1970, spacious modern shops near the main entrance have offered more comfotable shopping. The bazaar is quite crowded at any hour of the day, and shop owners try their best attract the attention of shoppers and lure them into their shops. The spacious stores that line the street leading to the main entrance to the bazaar sell handmade items produced in Turkey.
History of Grand Bazaar
This place is the oldest and largest covered market. The foundation of the bazaar was laid in 1461. İt is a unique site, and resembles a labyrinth; it was designed on a gigantic scale with more than 60 streets and 3,000 stores. The interior, which resembles a city, has gradually expanded.
The bazaar was built after the conquest of Istanbul on a location that now stands between the Nuri Osmaniye and Beyaid Mosque; it was built in order to generate funds and meet the cost of restoring Hagia Sophia. Since the day of its construction, the bazaar has been and important place for trade.
The names of the sections reflect history, having been named after different craftsmen, such as makers of the fez, mirrors, slippers and so on. According to the guild organization , spesific types of occupations were organized in spesific units of the bazaar. Only a few of those occupations still exist.
Architecture of Grand Bazaar
The architectural style resembles that of the Great Mosque in Bursa. It has 20 domes supported by 12 large columns. The bazaar has undergone much restoration due to number of fires and earthquakes it has survived. The appearance of the bazaar is very complex, with its intricate interior sections.
The domes of the Grand Bazaar are covered in lead. In former times the bazaar was known as a very secure place as there were guards who manned the exist, and as a result, people would leave their belongings here.
It is founded on a wide area between Nuruosmaniye and Beyazıt mosque. The seed of the bazaar streetches towards Cevahir (inner) Bedesten (vaulted part of a bazaar where valuable goods are kept) made during the period of Fatih Sultan Mehmed (1444-45/1451-81) and Sandal Bedesten made shortly afterwards. Bazaars developed around the bedesten were covered with vaults and formed the great bazaar with in time.
Cevahir Bedesten, accepted as the first structure of the bazaar, has a rectangular plan with the size of 53×68 meters. Eight large feet lined in two rows are connected to each other as well as the walls with arches, and separates the inner location to 16 units with square shapes. Each o them is covered with a dome sitting on arches.
Sandal Bedesten has the size of 35×42 meters and has the same building technique with Cevahir Bedesten. The bedesten is divided into 20 units and each one is covered with a dome. 61 roads of the bazaar have a complicated order resembling a labyrinth. The reasons for this are the bazaar was exposed to. Many repairs and annexes brought forth the complicated tissue of Grand Bazaar. A section of Kalpakçılar Street forming the main street opens to Nuruosmaniye and another opens to Beyazıt.
Nuruosmaniye Door is ornamented with Ottoman signature and Beyazıt Door is ornamented with the signature of Abdülhamit II (1876-1909). Under the signature, there is a writing that says ‘’God likes those who are merchants’’.
The Grand Bazaar has three main gates: Beyazıt Gate, Fesçiler Gate, and Sahaflar Gate. The other gates are Kürkçüler Gate, Nur-i Osmaniye Gate, Mahmut Pasha Gate, Tacirler Gate, And Örücüler Gate. Today the bazaar is still a tourist attraction.
Sahaflar Bazaar, Across the Fesciler Door af Grand Bazaar, you may see the entrance of bouquinistes (shops that buy and sell old and new books and certificates). Sahaflar that used to be active at Inner Bedesten of Grand Bazaar changed places for many times as a result of earthquakes and fires and was eventually founded at Sahaflar Bazaar at this area parallel to Beyazıt Mosque. From the other door of Sahaflar, you can exit to Beyazıt Square.
Handmade Turkish Carpets
The art of weaving hand-knotted carpets is the oldest handicraft of the Turks. The two richest carpet museums in the world are in Istanbul. Today, carpets, still knotted in the old traditional ways, are produced in just about every region in Turkey. The carpets are made of pure wool, silk, or wool and cotton blends in various sizes and designs. Each carpet is a product of tradation, high-quality raw metarials, special tecniques, patience and months-long labour. In certain statesubsidized centres, production of handmade carpets is a major economic activity. Hereke, near Istanbul, is the most famous centre for handmade silk carpet production. The carpets made here, in Konya and in Kayseri are the most sought-after carpets.
Shopping in Istanbul
The Grand Bazaar of Istanbul, with its thousands of shops, is a famous and unique shopping centre. Containing thousands of items of highest quality Turkish workmanship, are Istanbul’s largest and richest. Bazaar 54 is an authhorized exporter with a world wide shipping service. ın addition to the fine carpets, its handmade, fully guaranteed jewelry and rich souvenir collections, tiles, leather goods isare also worth seeing. In recent years Istanbul has become a shopper’s paradise for Istanbul residents, visitors and neighboring countries. Modern, attractive, multi-storey shopping centres offer a rich selection of consumer goods. The largest and most luxirious of these are in Şişli, Nişantaşı, Etiler, Levent, Maslak and Kadıköy.
In The Vicinity Of Grand Bazaar
Nuruosmaniye Mosque, The construction of the Nuruosmaniye Mosque began on the ordes on Sultan Mahmud I in 1748 on the second of the seven hills of Istanbul; it was completed during the reign of Sultan Osman III in 1755. The architects responsible for the structure were Mustafa Agha and his assistant Simeon.
Beyazıt Mosque, This mosque is located in one of the famous squares of Byzantine times, which was called the Forum Tauri. This is the oldest imprial mosque on the right side of the Divanyolu on route to Aksaray. It was commissioned by Sultan Beyazıd II in 1505.
Istanbul University, According to records, the university dates back to 1453, the day of the conquest of Istanbul. The meetings held the day after the conquest, on May 30 1453 and the subsequent construction of a complex at are considired to be the first steps in the establisment of the university. Accordind to Russian academic, Danishevski, Istanbul University has one of the oldest medical schools in the world.
Süleymaniye Mosque, This impressive complex is located on a large area which constitutes the third hill of Istanbul. The Süleymaniye Mosque was commisioned by Sultan Süleyman I and was constructed by the most famous Ottoman architect, Sinan. The construction took place 1550 and 1557.