“Kars Turkey” is on the border of Armenia and it is one of the cities where the coldest wheather is experienced. Kars region has been a settlement center since prehistoric ages. Rock paintings were found in Yazılıkaya in the west of Camışlı Village in Kağızman district. Mostly wild goats and deer were painted in these pictures belonging to Paleoilithic period.
History of Kars Turkey
The name of the city comes from the tribe of Karsan, a branch of the Valantur, who were descendants of Prototurkish Balgars who came down from the North Caucasus in periods before before Christ. The most important structure of the city which is a gateway to the South Caucasus, and is in an important location, is Kars Castle, from the Karsaks, Kümmet Mosque, Evliya Mosque and the Surpalakelost Church, while the buildings carrying the most beautiful masonry workmanship in the city carry the properties of Russian architecture. Within the boundaries of the province there are,formerly known as Ani-Arpaçay Valley, Chtskonk- Beş Church the Digor Church, the Church of Mren – Karabakh, Kağzuvan- Kağızman, and Zurzuna – Çıdır which are historic sites worth seeing. Today Kars is at an important point of Turkey, on the gateway to the South Caucasian silk route, and also on the silk route which is the gateway to Central Asia. With the railroad connection between Kars, Tblisi and Baku all the way to China, the silk route has again been revived.
Today’s Kars Turkey Guide
Kars Castle, forming the core of the city, was built by the order of Sultan Malik Izzeddin from Saltuklu Dynasty in 1152. The castle was destroyed by Timur in 1386; however, it was rebuilt by Murat III. Another important structure of the city is the Church of the Holy Apostles located in the southern slopes of Kars Castle. The church was built by Bagrat King Abas between 932 and 937, and it was dedicated to 12 apostles. There are reliefs depicting 12 apostles in the outer surface of pulley of the high dome. It was converted into a mosque in 1579 and called Cupola Mosque for being similar to Seljuk cupolas.
Kars Turkey Known For: Famous for Kars Castle, Kars cheeese, goose meat, honey and its folklore.