Tarsus is a place that surprised not only its history but also its nature. Having a beauty like the Tarsus Waterfall, which is located in the center of the city, does not count for every county. This is a paradise-like place with a word that perfectly coincides with the name.
The waterfall located in the east of Mersin and formed by Berdan River has a beauty worth seeing. The waterfall, which was poured by a strong force about 5 meters, turned into a living area for the Tarsus. Restaurants, tea gardens, viewing spots, bridges … The old boy is watching the old young waterfall.
The Tarsus River or the Kydnos Stream in the Ancient Era, which was called the “cold water” by the nefre Abbasi Araplari, was called El Barada, which changed over time as Berdan. Waterfall flowing from the river Berdan about 5 meters high, distance to Tarsus about 2 km.
The Tarsus River is about 142 km long. The tea, which is fed with the resources born from the Bolkar Mountains, plays an important role in the emergence of the Cukurova Delta. After Çukurova, this river which was poured to the Mediterranean was an important factor in the establishment of Tarsus.
Tarsus Waterfall was formed when the river bed was changed for the watering of the city. In the history of the Byzantine Emperor Justinian, the snow in the Taurus Mountains melted and caused a great wound in the city with the overflow of the Tarsus River, bridges were destroyed and people died. Selden again the damage of the Tarsus Creek bed is not seen.
Before the Judean period, the river was used as a necropolis (cemetery) because it could easily be carved and shaped in this new bed. The rock tombs dating from this Roman period in the new bed of the Tarsus River are mostly destroyed because the rocks are so soft that they can not stand on the stream of water.
Nevertheless, in the summer months, it is possible to see the Roman rock tombs if you go when the waters are drawn. When I visited Tarsus in the spring of the snowy melting of every visit, graveyards could be chosen vaguely.
The resources that feed the waterfall quickly reach the waterfalls from the Toros so that the river is always cold even in the summer months. So, in the hot, sweltering months, it attracts people living in the environment.
Especially in spring this spring, which is the highest point, offers spectacular scenery at sunrise and sunset with its waterfall.
The well is known as the healing, and the Berdan River brings with it lasciviousness according to legend. In the history it is said that Alexander the Great had washed up in this river and recovered pneumonia and died shortly thereafter.
It is also known that the Caliph Memun had pneumonia after washing to find healing in the water of the waterfall and buried in Tarsus after he died.