Among the ancient cities in Turkey, the name Ephesus is the most known ancient city. Ephesus is located within the borders of the Selçuk district of Izmir . Today we will examine the Library of Celsus, one of the most valuable points of the ancient city of Ephesus. It is estimated that the Library of Celsus was built within the borders of the ancient city of Ephesus between 115 and 117 years. The Library of Celsus is the third largest library of ancient Greek times. When library use is open, only library is available. Mythological meals, meetings and theaters were inspired by many important works of art in the Renaissance period. As soon as you see the library you can easily see the traces of ancient Roman and Greek architecture.
We enter the Library of Celsus and we encounter 4 different sculptures. These sculptures represent 4 gods who have an important place in the mythological belief of the period. It is thought that these sculptures in the entrance are represented by Sophia, Episteme, Ennoia, Arete. Only the Library of Celsus should know; The sculptures coming out here are not original. The originals of these sculptures are exhibited today in Europe. If you are curious about the sculptures of visitors to the Library of Celsus library, they should visit the Vienna Museum. Another important information you need to know about the Library of Celsus is that this library is undergoing a major restoration in the 19th century. The library has been rebuilt in accordance with the original period.
From the outside the Library of Celsus looks like a 2-storey building. However, when you look inside the library, you can tell that it is 3 stories. As an architectural strategy, the shelves of the library were built just behind the thick walls. Historians who specialize in the Greek period say that this is due to the fact that the library has the most important written works of the period, so the library tries to keep the books in a fairly good manner.
Inside the Library of Celsus
Despite the fact that it is one of the largest libraries, the Library of Celsus interior is not as big as expected. Understanding the mystical structure of the period for the library, we recommend you to book for 20-25 minutes. What will happen to you when you first enter your library? When we first enter the library, we see a 7-candlestick candlestick, known as the symbol of anti-Jewishness. This symbol was engraved on the walls of the Library of Celsus during the Roman Empire period. You can see the books on the inside of the library constantly because of the many works of art during the Ancient Greek period. At the same time, when visiting the library, there is an information and guidance panel that provides useful information about the antitrust library. You do not need to pay extra to visit the Library of Celsus. Since the library is located within the ancient city of Ephesus, you can visit the two places within the same day by paying the entrance fee only once.
Library of Celsus Facts
– Although not precisely exact, the architecture of the Library of Celsus is known as the Vitruo from the important Roman architects.
– This library was built by Julius Agiula after his death in the name of Julius Celsus, the governor of Ephesus.
– According to a rumor, Julius’s grave lies west of the library.
– It is thought that the library had about 14,000 books in use at the time of its use.
– There are writings on the right and left sides of the library steps telling the life of Julius in Greek and Latin.
The Library of Celsus serves as an introduction to the legendary ancient city of Ephesus. By following the path that began at the end of the library, you can see many ancient Greek buildings dating back to ancient Greek times.
How to get to the Library of Celsus?
The Library of Celsus is located in Turkey in Izmir, within the borders of İzmir. You have to come to the ancient city of Ephesus first to go to the library. You can use private shuttles about 45 minutes from the city center. After coming to Selçuk, you can find many minibuses to reach you to the ancient city. After a journey of about 10 minutes, you can see Ephesus.
The Library of Celsus’s visit times are the same as those of the exquisite ancient city. You can visit this area from 09:00 to 18:00. Since there are many places to visit during the day, we recommend you to start your trip early. Moreover, the first lights of the sun in Ephesus antique city look much better.