The Mezraa Teleilat settlement, situated in the Birecik district of the province of Şanlıurfa Turkey, along the Euphrahtes River was settled in during the Neolithic period and a palace was built during the New Babylonian era in the First Iron Age. Mezraa Teleilat is recognised for its pots and pans and as one of settlements best reflecting the architectural and cultural development of the Neolithic period.
Gre Virike, which is in the Birecik district of Şanlıurfa, was established 5 thousand years ego on the gravel floor formed by the Euphrates River. Excavations have uncovered a large mud-brick terrace from the Bronze Age. Sacrifices are made to the dead, and religious ceremonies held from on top of the mud-brick terrace, whose edges are supported by high stone walls. The garveyard ornaments and grave covers found here suggest that leading figures of the community were buried here. Special architectural features associated with the cult of the dead and plentitude can be seen from the uncovered burial chambers.
Zeytinli bahçe, rising 30 meters from the Birecik settlement on the shores of the Euphrates River, dates back as far as 4000 B.C. A second cone-shaped mound was placed on top of the first during the first Bronze Age. Middle Bronze Age remains can be seen of a palace, surrounded by a deference system, and a two-gated monumental tower. On the edge of the mound is the lower city. S severe fire destroyed the palace, and much later, during the Byzantine period, a large gymnasium structure, again surrounded by walls, was built in the same place.