Istanbul Turkey is definitely one of the most beautiful cities of the world. This why so many civilization wanted to this city for living in the past. Because of this the city has incredible history. Also its location is ver important for world. Because the city is like a bridge between Asia and Europe. In the past, so many civilization lived on Istanbul and they gaved different names to city. Some of them; “Ottoman Empire, Constantinople, Roman Empire, Byzantine…” Today, we’ll counting down surprising facts about Istanbul Turkey. I hope, you’ll enjoy this and you’ll learn something about Istanbul.
1 . Istanbul was established in 630 B.C by Magarian. First settlement of the city is Sarayburnu. The Magarians migrated from Greek to Istanbul city. The city has been capital of Roma in A.D 330. The Roman Emperor Constantine gave a name to the city. This name was Constantinople. Before the this the city was called “Calcedeon.” In the Roman period also the city was called “The city wşth its seven hills.”
2 . At the conquest of Istanbul, Ottoman Navy was walked from Dolmabahçe to Kasımpaşa by Ottoman Army. For this, A lot of fat pile was used and the operation was successful.
3 . When Fatih the conqueror took over the city, America, Australia and Antartica was not discovered yet.
4 . Population of Istanbul is 50.000 before the conquest. After the conquest of the city this number was increased to 100.000
5 . According to datas of Istanbul, the population of the city is neraly 78 milion people and 14,500 milion people live in Istanbul today. And you should know, this number is more than the population of 130 countries of the world.
6 . %65 population of Istanbul are living on the Europen side of the city.
7 . The Istanbul University was established in 1453 which is same the year of the conquer.
8 . The origin of name of the city is uncertain. According to majority; The “Istanbul” word comes from Romaic. There is no offical name for teh city during the Ottoman Empire. The “Istanbul” world was started to use after the establihed of Turkish Republic.
9 . Highest temperature of Istanbul is 40 0 C so far and lowest temperature is – 16 0 C for the city.
10 . The Raba Mosque is oldest mosque of teh city. Today, This building is 1300 years old.
11 . The first mosque of Ottoman Empire is Eyup Sultan Mosque. It was established in 1458.
12 . The oldest building of Istanbul is Greek Orphanage where is in Büyükada.
13 . Actually This clause is a little bite funny. There are too many street in Istanbul and Ever street must have a name… This for reason name of some streets are funny. For instance; “Merkep Bağırtan ” (it means the man who scares to a donkey).
14 . There are so many urban legend about Istanbul. According to most fammous urban legend; Deep of Golden Horn is full of gold. Because of this, Japan wants to clean Golden Horn and finish of the cleaning they took to all golds. According to other urban legend, Under of Istanbul is full of the dungeons and ıf you enter one of them you’ll never get out. They are like labyrinth.