Trabzon Turkey (Atrapanda) is on a narrow coastal plane, where the Eastern Black Sea Mountains approach the shore running parallel to the Black Sea north – east of the Anatolian Peninsula. Trabzon being the largest city of Eastern Black Sea Region was established on the slopes of Boztepe. The city’s name (Trabzon), in the Scythian/ Khali language was “Attrapanda” which means, “the watery place in Atra ravine”. Indeed today’s Trabzon Turkey is observed to have been established at the end of the city’s Zigana ravine, on the coastal shore, of the Değirmendere River Valley mountain. Miletus colonists named here Trapezous. Alexios and David, grandchildren of Adronikos Kommenos I, established Trabzon Pontus Empire wit the support of the Georgian Queen Tamara after escaping from Istanbul because of the invasion of Latins in 1204. Sultan Mehmet the Conqueror eliminated this state and dominated the region in 1461.
Atra, in Anatolian mythology, is the man of the Mother Goddess. Later the Trabzon Turkey’s name has become Trapezos. The region was initially established in the 3000s B.C. as a small port, and later continued its existence with urbanstation as an Acropolis town on the Boztepe hillside, on the site which is modern day Trabzon Turkey, after the attacks and plunder of sea tribes develoing from the Eastern Black Sea, and became an important trade route linking the Haldi, Hayasa, Line / Hittite and Urartu’s from Eastern Anatolia and Trans- Caucasus, to the Black Sea. Today, remains of a castle, containing three inner castles, and surrounded by walls, can be seen in the city. The most conspicuous works of the Byzantine period, are the 13th Century 12 cornered dome, and the Hagia Sophia church, whose internal walls are carried on 4 marble columns and covered with frescoes, and which today is a museum.
Today’s Trabzon Turkey
Trabzon is very rich with its historical values and natural beauties. There are numerous churches and monasteries. One of the most important of them is the Church of Hagia Sophia which is used as a museum. Monasteries located in various parts of Trabzon also show that the city was a religious center Kızlar Monastery, built on the slopes of Boztepe in an overlooking point, is surrounded by high walls. It was built in Alexios III period (1349 – 1390).
Kaymaklı Monastery, located on the slopes of Boztepe facing Değirmendere Valley, was built in 1424. Also, important monastery remains reached today around Maçka, 30 km away from Trabzon Turkey. The most important of them is Sumela Monastery, located in Altundere Village. Kuştul Monastery is built in the 8th century near Simsirli Village in Maçka. Vazelon Monastery is located 7 km away from Kiremitli Village in Maçka.
The natural beauties of the city attract interest sides the rich historical values. Going to plateaus for economical purposes in hot and humid summers is a common feature. Interest in plateaus increases every day for its cool air, cold water and beauties resembling heavens. Major plateaus are: Hıdırnebi Plateau, Zigana Plateau, Kayabaşı Plateau and Uzungöl.
Horon which is played commonly in Black Sea Region comes as culture peculiar to the region. Horon has various types, and it is and indispensable entertainment of Black Sea. It is played with a crowd creating a huge circle. The main instrument of horon is fiddle.
Trabzon Turkey Attractions
the Nakip Mosque, Hagia Andreas Church, the Kudrettin Mosque, Hagia Phillpos Church, the Költuğ Mosque, Hagios Elefterios Church, the Hatuniye Mosque and Tomb, the Market Mosque, the Gülbahar Hatun Mosque and Tomb, Taşhan, Gönhan, Alacahan and Suluhan. The most famous work of the Byzantine era is the Sumela Monastery / Monastery of the Virgin Mary. It was built in a step rock slope on the Altındere Valley, on the foothills of the Zigana Mountains, 50km east of Trabzon. The monastery which was restored in the 1400s is, with is frecoes and rockcarved rooms and monastery parts, and unique world masterpiece. Other works in the region are the Peristera Gregory / Knight Monastery, and the onastery and Female Monastery of Kaşmaklı. Trabzon and the surrounding area, with its unique natural beauty, is a paradise which definitely must be seen.
Trabzon Turkey Famous for : Forty diffrent types of meal made with the famous Back Sea anchovy fish, Akçabaat meatballsi Hamsiköy rice pudding, wood oven baked bread and the famous for dance “kolbastı.”
What You Should Do in Trabzon Turkey?
Food: The variety of food cooked from anchovy, Corn Soup, Corn Bread, Black Cabbage dishes, Trabzon pita, Akçabaat Meatball, and Kuymak.
Shopping: So- called Trabzon Works which are braccelets and necklaces woven with gold or silver wires. Manuel labor products can be found in many parts of Turkey.
Trip : Uzungöl Lake Sera, Highlands.