In my university years I studied Homer’s Ilyada. I have read this many times over the years in this epic poem-style piece. Historically, the Persian King Kserkes, Alexander the Great, the Roman emperors Hadrian and Agustus, as well as Fatih Sultan Mehmet visited Troy and traveled back to this geography where the blessed power, great love, wars and victories were experienced. Famous historian (Gökçeadalı) İmbroslu Kritovulos originally visited the Topkapı Palace Library in his book, Fatih Sultan Mehmet’s visit to the history of the city, showing the importance of “… Allah has given me the right to take revenge for this city and its people, . Power, victory and love were shaped as they pursued these common searches of civilizations and mankind, and they reached the present day as a reflection of civilizations, gods, heroes, love and mythological epics on this geography. Some myths and treasures leave behind an endless glimpse of glimpses in the face of the sun and in their encounter with reality. Troia, as a unique treasure, has preserved its daily value for thousands of years and continues its journey to eternity.
WHY ” WHICH WAS ACCEPTED ” UNESCO WORLD HERITAGE LIST?
We learn about the decade-long Troia War, especially from the Iliada of Homer, where the last days of war are told. Homer’s Troia War, which is believed to be the oldest literary work with Odysseia, is actually an epic poem. The epic, considered one of the important masterpieces of world literature, was published in Florence in 1488 as a book. Troia became the subject of Homer’s written literary texts of Iliada and Odysseia, and at the same time he made his reputation in the world with his Troia excavations, which were discovered nine times over each other. This well-known ancient city was declared a National Park in 1996 and in 1998 it was taken to Unesco’s World Cultural Heritage List.
Homer’s Ilayada Epic
A look at the daily reach of the Homeric epics can be thought of as the tragic stories of the Trojan War and the heroes involved in it. Homer’s Iliada, one of the most impressive works of civilization, reflects the last 51 days of the ten-year war. Homer’s epic XX. In the episode and 215-240 series: Zeus gives the foundation story of Troia, saying, “Zeus first became father to Dardanos, Dardanos established Dardanie, there was no holy Ilyon at that time, there was no great city of mortal people”. Zeus, the God of God, joined with Elektra, the daughter of Atlas, and a child named Dardanos came to this world from this union. While Dardanos and his brother lived in Isando Semendirek Island, İasion dies and the island waters succeed. Dardanos goes on a raft to the Canakkale shores. Here a king named Teuker lives. The king takes the catastrophe to his palace, and then marries her. The king dies with the Dardanos king and establishes a city of his own name. After Dardanos, his son Erikhtonios, and then his son Tros becomes this city king. Tros has three sons, Ilos, Assarakos and Ganymedes. As Assarakos becomes king in Dardanos, Ganymedes, who is famous for his beauty, is kidnapped by Olympos by the gods to distribute the wine. Tros is the king of Ilros Troia, son of Kallirhoe. After that, Laomedon, the son of Ilos, takes over. At the time of his reign, Zeus punished Poseidon and Apollo and took the divine skills and gave Laomedon’s emre. The king gives Poseidon the walls, and Apollon is given the duty to keep him alive. At the end of the work, Poseidon sends him a sea monster, as Laomedon does not fulfill the promise he promised. The priests say that they must sacrifice the king’s daughter to get rid of this monster, and while the girl is about to be sacrificed, one of Heracles 12’s mission passes through Troia in accordance with her and saves the king’s daughter. King Laomedon does not give him the sacred horses he promised, and for this reason his name is “the evil king”. After Laomedon, his son Priamos heads to Troia. Priamos wife in Troia Hekabe was pregnant with a new child while she was happy with Hekabe. One night in the dream, the flames from his belly see Troia burning, and he wakes up in fear and interprets his dream to the priests. The priests declare that this dream is no omnipotent, that the child to be born will cause the destruction of the holy Troia. The king and the queen can not shame their children, but they will give a wolf to kill the baby because they are not willing to suffer Troia’s destruction. Uşak, pity this young child named Paris , leaves him in a moonstone in Mount Ida. When the innocent bear arrives, he encounters this child and nurses it as if he were suckling his own cubs. One day a shepherd named Agelaos, a shepherd in Mount Ida, takes the child and takes it home. It grows and spreads in the clean air of Paris Ida Mountain. It is requested to give him a lot of guts. “It is called Aleksandros, which means to protect him because he has grazed his followers very well”. He meets Oinone from the Nymphs of Mount Ida and marries him. During this time, a golden apple was presented by the goddess of fighting who wrote “the most beautiful” on Olympos during a feast. Zeus’s wife Hera, Athena the Godhead of intelligence and the Goddess of Beauty Aphrodite try to get the golden apple claiming to be the most beautiful of them. Then God of the Gods Zeus, Messenger of God, sent Hermes to Mount Ida, declaring that he appointed them referees. The three goddesses promise a lot of things if they give the golden apple to Paris. Hera promised Paris the Asian kingdom, Athena wisdom and success, and Aphrodite the most beautiful woman in the world. When Paris finds the offer of Aphrodite more attractive, he gives him the golden apple. Hera and Athena return to Olympos, saying “If we do not regret you”. Thus, the new fate of Paris has also begun. Paris participates in a contest held in Troia and gets first place. Priamos’ knowing daughter, Kassandra, began to shout, “We will bring destruction to us”. However, the king and queen are delighted when they see their children, who had been left to Ida for years to die, as a handsome young man, and take them to the sword. Not long before Paris joins the delegation of the Magistrates to Greece and goes to the palace of Sparta. There, the most beautiful woman promised by Aphrodite is Helena, the wife of Menelaos. Aphrodite fell in love with each other. The two lovers decide to escape to Troia knowing that Menelaos will be in Crete. Helena takes the Sparta treasure with them, they come to Troia, where they are accepted and settled in the sun. Sparta’s King Menelaos returned from Crete and learned that his wife had been abducted by Paris, requesting help from his older brother Agamemnon, King of Mycenae. Agamemnon finds the Black Sea on its way to take the rich Troia on its way and opens the expedition to Troia. At the time, Helena swore that all the tales would help Helena if she chose whom. For this reason, Akhilleus is absent in this area, even though all the kings of Greece have joined it. The priests declare that without Akhilleus Troia can not be taken. Since Annesi Thetis knew he could not leave the scene, he hid him in the palace of Lykomedes in Skryos Island, among his daughters. King Odysseus is sent to the island as ambassador to bring Akhilus. As a gift, he brought one ornamental merchandise and one wedge on the other. When girls are dealing with ornamental items, one of them deals with precious wedge, which is Akhilleus. Thus the Akha vessels were gathered at Aulis port. But they can not move because there is no wind. Agamemnon decided to sacrifice her daughter, but the Goddess Artemis rescues him in the last minute, declaring that the priests should sacrifice Agamemnon’s daughter to find the wind. Thousand ships The Akhundus Anatolian coasts finally came to Besiga, the port of Troia, and they set up their tents by the beach. It’s about to start a decade-long war. İzmir’s Ozan Homer tells this struggle through his 16,000 series and 24 episodes in the epic of Iliada. As Akhalar passed through the Anatolian coasts, the priest took Khryses’ s daughter as prisoner and gave it to Agamemnon. Destan Khryseli brings the priest’s liberation and begins her daughter Agamemnon’s request. The priest Khryses, who has been crucified and deserted, asks Apollon to take the angel from Akhalardan after the begging, “If I had made a temple to thee for a day”. Apollo accepts his prayer and gives plague epidemic on the Akhala for 9 days. Iliada’s epic starts like this and ends with the death of Priamos’ son, Hector, the hero of the Trojan hero. After the death of Hector, the war does not end and many incidents happen. We learn from these writers such as Euripides, Aiskhlos, Sophokles and Virgilius. Finally, Paris kills Akhilleus, who dies, by shooting an arrow from the ball. Because Akhilleus’s mother made him mortal only when he was shot from the ball. Akhalar, who made a magnificent grave to Akhilus, thinks of a wooden horse family upon the fall of Troia. They cut a piece of wood from the mountain of Ida and make a wooden horse with 20 pieces of Akhali valiant biner in it.The Akhas take their ships behind Tenedos (Bozcaada) as if the war was over. Sinon, who they leave beside the horse, convinces them by saying that the Akhas left this horse as a gift to the Trojans. Priest Laokoon and Priamos’ savvy daughter did not believe it. Since Poseidon did not respond to the love of Apollo, who gave Kassandra a biblical while he was sending the sick serpents, he said, “See you forward, but nobody believes you.” For this, the Trojans take the battle spoils to the throne of the throne and rejoice as they are having fun and the death-stricken war is over. The Akhas descended from the wooden horses pointed to the ships in Tenedos from the Troia Castle. The incoming Akhas are slaves to the Trojans until the Sabah, including the Priam of Kings. They collect women on the shore and divide them among them. Only Aineias could survive this destruction. Taking the others, he flees to Mount Ida, makes a ship there and goes to Italy and builds Rome . For this reason, the Roman emperors visited Troia and visited it. Before Persians King of Persia BC In 480 he visited Troia on his way to Greece and sacrificed a thousand cattle. Alexander the Great In 334, when he was on his Persian campaign, he complained that he was not a Homer who would stop by Troia and tell him what he had done. After Alexander, Lysimakhos, the king of Thrace, reconstructed the ruined Ilion and built the famous Athena Temple. Fatih Sultan Mehmet, who opened a new era by taking Istanbul , also visited Troia in 1462.
Today Troia has a worldwide reputation. It is subject to many cultural activities. Most importantly, it’s a Troy movie starring Brad Pitt.The most important result of this film is that the Trojan Horse used in this film is a gift to Çanakkale. Located in the center of Çanakkale, Kordon has become a symbol of the city, which is displayed in the middle of the hiking trail.
Where is Troy Antique City
The Trojan Antik city is located in the center of the town of İntepe near Tevfikiye village, 30 km away from Çanakkale. There are minibuses in the city. There is a fee of 5 TL per person. At the entrance of Trojan Antique City, museum passes.
Where does the name of Trojan Ancient City come from?
The region between the Sea of Marmara, the Dardanelles and the Gulf of Edremit, known as the Biga Peninsula, is considered to be the name Troad or Troas in ancient times. Among the various ancient settlements discovered by archaeologists in this area is Troy (Troia), the city that gave the name of the locality or received the name of the locality. Troy (Troy, ilion) The name of the city, which is considered as Troia or Troia in translation from Ancient Greek, is settled as French Troy in our language.
Detailed Troy Ancient City Travel Guide
30 km from Canakkale. Troia was destroyed nine times by natural disasters and wars, and then a new one was built on the old city. Formed a mound of height. The establishment of the Dardanelles on a dominant hill caused it to collapse 9 times. At present there are a total of 14 eternities of the ancient city of Troy. In general, you can travel within an hour because it is in the city created by these epics that only stones remain today. Stones and squirrels are more likely to be right because you can only see so many squirrels in the forest at one time. On top of the stones, on the grass, many squirrels run from one place to another.
he stages you will see in turn are;
Horseboard, 1.Troia starting point of the trip. 2. East wall. 3. The castle gate and tower in front. 4. Remains of Athena Temple. 5a.VI.Troia houses. 5b. II. Troia walls. 5. The walls of I. Troia. 6. I. and II. Troia houses. 7. Troia layers. 8. II.Troia’s ramp door. 9. VI.Troia’s VIM house. 10. Sacred area. 11. The road to the Lower City. 12. Odeion. 13. VI.Troia south gate. 14. Bouleuterion
Troia I. On the top of Hisarlik in the Early Bronze Age, BC. It was founded on a bedrock in 2920, A small settlement with a village character. The stone is made up of adjoining houses in a rectangular shape from the foundation and mud brick walls. A strong defense system made of small stones is seen around the houses. On the walls, a strong castle made of small stones was excavated and can be seen on the way today. It is also supported by two towers 2 m. The inner city gate was also built in an interesting way. Blegen’s excavations show that the stones have been reduced from top to bottom. American excavators have found that these stone walls are surrounded by a mud guardian guardrail. Schliemann’s houses are found near the stone basement and mud brick walls, which were opened to find Priamos’ treasure. I. Troia had fourteen building phases and was built in BC. It ended in the 2550s.
This first Troia was built on the Eighth building phase II. Troia was founded, BC 2550 BC He lived until 2250. It is understood that a more magnificent castle settlement was built during this period. Ramped doors and high towers, as well as the treasure that Schliemann finds belong to this cat, II. It shows that Troia is a rich and cultured city. The treasures that Schliemann thought Priamos was the treasure in 1873 and which he missed belong to II.Troia. In the light of the new information obtained, Schliemann accepted that there was no Troia of Priamos before he died. Built on an area of 9000 m² II. Troia, mud brick built on a sloping stone foundation 4 m. Width and 330 m. It is surrounded by a fortified wall in its length. The height of the walls is about 6 m. It is up to. In the city, long-planned, megaron-type houses are limited to a portico. The house walls were made of mud brick. During the construction phase, it was understood that the city had three large fires. It is the tin plate that has been brought from Central Asia to provide the production of cast metal series metal II. It shows that Troia is trading very far. The use of the potter’s wheel for pottery production is also a very important finding. A 90,000 m² lower town surrounded by a wooden defense system carved into the main rock to the south of Kalenin was found here, but traces of the basic pits in the entrance area could have arrived at the site.
There was a ramp (Fm entrance) door paved with stone slabs. Schliemann found the treasure that Priamos thought was to the right of this door. I ended up with a fire II. It is possible to see Troia’s fire traces with all its openness on mud brick walls just before the ramp door.
3. – 4. – 5. TROIA
III. Troia (2250-2200 BC), burning and ending II. It’s built on Troia. This floor is also II. It is seen that the common features of Troia continue. It shows that it is a cultural continuity. This Troia, consisting of four phases, also ended with a fire. IV. And V. Troia BC. It dates from 2200-1740. The city, which spans an area of 18,000 m², was discovered during excavations in which seven fire phases occurred. B.C. This Troia, dating from 1740 to 1300, can be seen at the point of the Troia trip which starts at 4 to 5 meters wide and 6 meters high. Here, a tower that stands out from the city walls attracts attention.
The walls were made with the wall technique called “sawtooth”. Inside the walls, the remains of the palace also reached the present day. When you start your trip to Troia, the ones on the left are the remains of the palace before you arrive at the ramp door.
7. – 8. – 9. – 10. TROIA
The Trojans quickly resumed their lives after the earthquake and began to live in their cities again. There was a war in Troia, dated between 1300 and 1180 BC, and it was burned down. B.C. Archaic between 720-85 and VIII known as Hellenistic Troia. Troia is established. This floor is built by the Thracian King Lysimakhos Temple of Athena. The construction of the sanctuary also belongs to this turn. B.C. In 85 BC the Roman commander Fimbria completely ruined the city. IX. Troia BC 85 to M.S. Between 500 dates. It is known that in this Roman Troia, the Romans believed that Troia, who is said to be Ilion, were holy cities and that the ancestors of the Roman Empire came from Troia. This belief is attributed to the fact that Aineias escaped from the city when Troia was burned and founded Rome in Italy. Many of the Roman emperors, such as Hadrian and Caracalla visited Troia, where the Athena Temple was rebuilt as well as major repairs. The Romans built great structures such as the Odeion, Bouleuterion, theater and bath in this place they regard as sacred.
IX. Troia M.S. It was destroyed by two earthquakes that took place in the 500’s. M.S. It was identified as Troia X during the period of the Eastern Roman Empire, which was named Byzantium in 395.
Who discovered Troy Ancient City
Troia’s legendary excavation story and sculptor Schliemann’s colorful personality made Troia’s ancient city even more interesting. Before Schliemann, Fr. Le Chevalier (1785), architect A. F. Mauduit (1811), French Ambassador Choiseul-Gouffier (1818) and Ch. It is known that the traveler and scholars such as Texier (1833) came. They published small books in the Troas area as a result when they returned to their country. Before Schliemann, we saw that Frank Calvert of 1863-65 also collected important works in many places. Calvert has bought places that could be archaeological sites and drilled as far as he likes. Among these are Hisarlıktepe and the large land it is located in. 6 km from Troia. Many prehistoric works were seized on a hill to the south. Finding the Temple of Apollo near Akçaköy is of special importance. Thus, we can call Calvert the first researcher in the Dardanelles region. In this respect, in 1868, when Schliemann stepped into Dardanelles, he needed Calvert’s guidance and found Troia thanks to him.
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