Extended Turkey Guide

Villages of Istanbul

Waterfalls in Istanbul

Antalya Turkey Hotels

Turkey Guide: Map, Airports, Weather

TURKEY July 12, 2016


Welcome to Turkey. This land is important for its natural beauty and historical richness. Modarate weather conditions and fertile soils witnessed many settlements in Anatolia from the early ages, and have also witnessed development of advenced civilizations since 10.000 B.C Known primal sanctuaries, urbanizations that followed villages and towns have always been in this land. 140 years of archeological research fills the windows of museums with unique objects while the research continues.

Istanbul was capital for Roman, Byzantine and Ottoman Empires; Antalya was discovered by soldiers of King Pergamum, who sent them to “find me the heaven of the world”; Cappadocia has underground cities, churches carved in rocks and gorgeous natural formations; Ephesus is the most splendid ancient city in Anatolia and many more tourism centers are located nearby. Ancient cities, generally located in the Aegean and Mediterranean regions, with splendid memorials mostly from the Roman period, are heritages that must be seen.

Sea-Sand-Sun: Toursim can be enjoyed in bays of the Aegean and Mediterranean, where green vegetaion meets deep blue sea. Major holiday centers in these regions, such as Çeşme, Bodrum, Marmaris, Fethiye, Antalya, and Alanya are always full of tourists. Cultural and natural tours are admired by travelers from all over the world.

Turkey Hunting  

Hunting tourism can only be undetaken trough the travel agencies. The types of wild animals and hunting periods change year on year. Wild boar; throughout the year. Can be hunted widely in every region of Türkiye, in flat areas. Wild goat (male): From the begining of August to the end of September, in mountainous areas in the Aegean, Mediterrenean regions, eastern and nothern Anatolia. Anatolian mutton: from the begining of August to the end of the September in Central Anatolia. Red Deer: from the begining of September to end of the December, in the Mediterrenean, Back Sea and Central Anatolian regions. Roedeer: from the begining of May to end of the Octaber in the western Black Sea and Mediterrenean regions. Rupicapra caucasia: from the begining of the September to end of the December in the North East and Eastern Anatolia. Mesopotamian mutton: from the begining of the September to end of January in South East Anatolia.

Winged Animals: from the second week of August to end of February, in all arid areas in Turkiye (duck, goose etc.)

Turkey tourism map

Turkey tourism map

Turkey Map

If you think come to Turkey, what will you need? Before you came to this country, you should somethings about this country and the maps are one of them. If you want to travel Turkey easiy, you need to find a map. Don’t worry! This is why we are here. For detail information about Turkey Map you can read our article. (Turkey Maps)

Turkey airport map

Turkey airport map

Turkey Airport

Actually, Turkey is a small country from geological view. This is why, it has not so many airports.  But, ofcourse there are airport in the important cities. For instance, Istanbul has two airport, it will be third one coming soon. Also İzmir, Adana, Ankara and the other important cities has their own airport. If you want to come Turkey, you first station must be Istanbul, because you can reach wherevere you want from Istanbul airport. Also you can find maps of airports and their flight codes.

For flights you will need a good airline company. We know this, and for this reason we wrote a Turskish Airlines artcile. You can read this article and can understand why you should trust Turkish airlines for fly.

We preapered for you this web site. For people who are from the foreign country. I guess, If you think come to the this country, you are wondering about Turkey News. For instance, in last month a bomb was exploded at the Istanbul Atatürk airport.. And people who are from other countries of world support to Turkey in social media and the their real life. You can fallow our socimal media accounts and can learn Turkey news.

Welcome to Turkey

98 % of the population in Turkey are Muslim. (I have to say something. Actually this is not true. İt just formal number, There are so many people who don’t believe especially in the metropolitan cities of Turkey.) In the country which was founded under the leadership of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, the Turkish people have chosen parliamentary democracy and a modern way of life. There are non-govenmental organisations in the areas of human rights, democracy, nature and the environment, animal rights and the all mutual golabal humanity ideas. The nicest textile products, garments and all other goods are manufactured.  60% of the Turkish population resides in cities and 40% in rural areas and villages. It is a developed country in terms of the high rate of ownership of mobile telephones, communication vehicles, internet, cars, televisions, and computers. Due to the geographical structure between cities, as welll as for other reasons, rail transport has not been sufficiently developed. However, in this place the most modern inter-city coach transport system has been developed, and there are relatively modern inter-city coach stations in every city. It is possible to travel anywhere by modern coaches, at any time – even to remote towns and villages. Inter-city travel can also be done by air, at siutable prices. Transport by sea is also an important mode of travel for coastal towns. There both passenger and car ferry services between towns such as

Istanbul-Çanakkale- Yalavo- Izmit- Izmir - Antalya- Samsun- Trabzon. There are also fast ferryboat services from Istanbul to both the islands in the Sea of Marmara and various towns with coasts on the Marmara. These ferryboats run from both sides of the straits of Çanakkale. Other than  these, there are weekly services from Istanbul to the Ukraine, Bulgaria and Romania, from Trabzon and Samsun to Sochi and novasibirsk in Russia, and Georgia, from Mersin and Alanya to Cyprus, and from Izmir and Antalya to Italy and Greece. Mant of the cities have publich transport, with metro, metrobuses on exclusive routes, tramways, municipality buses, and private buses. Further, there is the <dolmuş> minibuses, which were invented by the Turks themselves, and which set off from a certain point, and run along a specific route. Passangers tell the driver of the where they wish to go, and pay a small fee. There are also, as in the rest of the world, taxis with taxi-meters; in Turkey these taxis are yellow. You can also find companies which hire out cars, 4-wheel atv safari vehicles, motorcycles and bicycles almost everywhere. Banking in Türkiye is extremely advanced, with the use of ATMs, BTMs and credit cards. There are correspondet banks to all the banks in the world. Shopping and commerce are the essence of community life. In the country there are large shopping centers, authentic indoor bazaars, and mega centers where specially presented texttiles, carpets, letaher and jewellry products are sold. In every quarter of each city there are indoor and outdoor markets selling primarily fruit, vegetables and other necessities on certain days of the week. Haggling is done everywhere and with every commercial transaction in Türkiye. Restaurants where the best examples of Turkish cuisine and kebabs can be found are recommended during the daytime; and coastal cafeterias where tea from an urn, special Maraş ice cream, corn on the cob, snacks and suites spesific to the region, and specially made turkish coffee can be recomended. Another characteristic of Turkish culture is a tavern with fish and raki. All fish tavern in the coastal areas of Türkiye are recomended.

4 seasons

Turkey Weather 

Turkey is in the temperate zone where four seasons are enjoyed. The Aegean and Mediterrenean regions, which are in west and south Anatolia, have Mediterranean climates. Their climate is dry and hot in the summer, then warm and rainy in the winter. The Marmara Region, which is further north, has cooler summers, while winters are colder.

The coastal part of the Black Sea Region, which is northern Anatolia, has a rainy temperate weather. Rainfall rates increase in the Eastern Regions, especially around Rize, which is the rainest city with 2500-3000 mm annualy. In the inner parts of Anatolia steppe climate characteristics are seen, with little rain fall, hot summers and cold winters. The Central Anatolia Region has tha minimum rainful rate with an average 250mm rainfall.

East Anatolia sees the most severe winters. Summers are quite warm in Southeast Anatolia Region.

Geography, Agriculture and Economics

Geographical Location: Turkey is in the northern hemisphere at the point where Asia, Europe and Africa approach each other. Turkey forms a natural bridge between Asia and Europe, and has an area of 779.452 km2 . It is a peninsula in that three sides are bordered by water. Most of Turkey’s land is Asia, which is also known Anatolia, and rest is in Europe, also known as Thrace. It is split by the Bosphorus and the Dardanelles.

Turkey’s neighbors are: Greece and Bulgaria to the west; Syria and Iraq to the south; Iran and Armenia to the east and Georgia to the northeast.

Surface Shapes: Turkey is a mountainous country with an average height of 1131 meters. The lower elevation in the west increases as you travel east. The north of the country is surrounded by the North ANatolian Mountains and the south of it is surrounded by the Taurus Mountains. These mountains run parallel to the coasts. Inner regions have high plateaus with large plains. Mountain ranges become closer and crowded in the east. There fore, East Anatolian territories are high and rugged. Mount Ararat (5137 m), the highest elevation in Turkey, is located in this region.

Turkey possesses plains where, in the main, cotton, tabacco, figs and grapes are groen, as well as various industrial plants. The largest lakes are Van in the east, Tuz Gölü in Central Anatolia, and the Beyşehir and Eğridir lakes, and there are numerous bird and plant protection areas in the lakes and rivers. The Anatolian peninsula where Türkiye is situated possesses productive soil which can cultivate all types of agricultural produce, while the leather an leather garment industries are also highly developed.

Sea fishing takes place on the coasts, while fresh water fishing is carried out at the lakes and rivers. The iron and steel, glass, automotive, chemical and while goods industries, cement and sugar plants, ceramics, plastics and petrol products are also at world standarts.

The energy needen by the country is provieded by resevoirs abd thermal power stations. Turkey has become one of the centers of world tourism in recent years, with its fast devoloping tourism potential, ist history,culture, natural beuty, clean seas, natural beaches and the sun which shines throughout the whole year. The highest standard hotels and holiday resorts which provide the best service, are located on the shores of Turkey.

Turkey is also a paradise for those seeking ab alternative tourism experince, with its national parks and protected nature reseverves, bird sanctuaries, the richness of its fauna and flora, tourism activities such as trekking in mountains and plains, rock climbing, jeep safari and mountaineering, the fact that it is on the silk route, its appeal for yatch tourism with its natural and virginal coves, the fact that it is the land where the religions of the world meet, the fact that the rivers are suitable for canoeing and rafting, hunting opportunities, coastal areas suitable for deep sea diving, mud baths, and numerous thermal springs.

With its protected natural areas, tourist numbers and tourism revenues which increase every year, Turkish cuisine, which is the third largest cuisine in the worldi and the friendliness and hospitality of its people, it has created a unique sector.

Fauna Of Turkey

Anatolia is habitat to 9000 species of plants in 850 classes and many animal species. Over 1200 vertabrate species are found in Turkey, including 160 mammal, 418 bird, 120 reptile, 22 frog, 127 fresh water fish, and 384 ocean fish.

Political Situation in Turkey

The capital city of Turkey is Ankara, and the country is governed by a prime minister and cabinet of ministers within a parliamentary system. The most populated province is Istanbul. The republic of Turkiye was founded under the leadership of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk on 29 October 1923. Turkey is a member of the UN, Uninon of Turkish Speaking Countries, NATO and the European Parliament, and has applied for membership of the EU. Turkey is currently one of the G-20, that is to say one of the 20 most developed countries in the world, and is also one of the cantidates in the world, and is also one of the canditates to be a member of the G-10 in their coming years.

Regions of Turkey

The Marmara Region

The Aegean Region

The Mediterrranean Region

The Central Anatolian Region

The Black Sea Region

The Eastern Anatolian Region

The South Eastern Anatolian Region

Turkey History

The Anatolian peninsula where the modern day Turkish Republic is situated is home to the oldest dwelling units in the world. Prehistoric places of residence such as Cilvegözü, Krain Cave, Sakcagözü, and Tel Açana are on Anatolian soil. The famous Çatalhöyük, dating back to 7000 B.C., where there are megaron type houses is here, and shows the first characteristics of agriculture, stock breding and urbanisation in history. According to remmains of graves discovered in Central Germany, agriculture and stock breeding were introduced to Europe by the people migrating from Anatolia. Later, from around 4000 B.C., horsemen and nomads with pegan beliefs, who were known as Nordic people, such as Askits / İskits, Pelasg, Leleg and Luwi came to the area and established catle towns, which became urban centres with  the passing of time, due to the further migration. The first empire established in Anatolia, which is the cradle of civilisations, is teh Hitite State, which was founded in Central Anatolia around 2000 B.C., by the İskits. In later periods tens of tribes, such as the Khattis, Phrygians, Lydians and Galats came and settled in Anatolia. From the 7th century B.C., Cimmerians, Persians and Macedonians were also found in Anatolia, which later became under the control of the Roman Empire, and a period of peace and development began with the Pax Romana. From the 4th Century A.D. Anatolia was governed by the Byzantine Empire, and during this period Christian Patzinaks, Kumans, Kiphacks, and Gagauzians from the Blakans, and Jadaicised Caspian Turks setled in Anatolia. In 1071, the gates of Anatolia were opened for the first time to Moslem Seljuk Turks, and Anatolia became turkicised. Later the Mongols and the Tumurs became supreme, with the Ottoman Empire period, which continued to 1923, begining in 1299.

During the Ottoman period, the Empire added land in Arabia, Nortah Africa, and Europe as far as Vianna, to Anatolia, and built Ottoman and Islamic monuments in these areas. The Ottomans which were the most powerful Empiere of their period, possessed a theocratic system. There were people from every race in the government of the Empire, and the Ottomans ensured wide spread religious freedom. Due to these freedoms, they began to experience betrayals from the 18th century onwards, and began to lose ground. Reforms, known as “Tanzimat”, were unsuccessful. As a result, they has to fight aganist alliance formed by other countries in almost all geographical areas.

After the war, Mustafa Kemal Atatürk came to the fore under these circumstances, unifield the poeple around the <<Turkish National Consiousness>>, and the Kemalist Patriots, despite a lack of means, fought for liberation and achived success in battles, thus founding the Nation State of the Republic of the Turkey. The ideology of the father of the Turks (his name Atatürk was given to him by the people) is known as Kemalizm. Mustafa Kemal Atatürk brought Turkey to its feet with his reforms, and proved to be an immortal leader to his people with his words and advice. The ideology which continues to this day, as strong as ever, in the world, is that of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk. Atatürk is the first leader in the world to gift a festival specialy dedicated to children. The children’s Festival, on 23 April, is a festival which is celabrated Türkiye, and with children from across the world. Atatürk also showed the importance he gave to sports and to young people by gifting the 19th of May Young People and Sports Festival to the young. The Turkish nation has built a unique Mausoleum on Anıttepe, in Ankara, the heath of Anatolia, in memory of Atatürk, who passed away on 10 Novermber 1938.


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