It is believed the oldest carpet in the world is Pazirik Carpet, named after the area where it was discovered, and was weaved y Central Asian Turks in the 6th-5th centuries. This rug is currently exhibited in Leningrad Hermitage Museum. In Turkey, carpets are named after the attributes or chararecteristic of the design of the region. They are generally in standart sizes within a few inches difference. Plant extracts are used to dye the carpets. Maturity of the plant, boling degree, the dose of the pigment and composition of the water (chalky or lack of chalky) all affect the color tone. Buckthorn especially, known as “golden three”, is a precious natural dye source.
The original carpet workbench has the appearance of a wooden fram. Warpropes is put side by side vertically on workbench according attribute and size o the carpet. After preparing the warp, knitting called “çiti” (a knitting to prevent carpet unrevaling) shaped of chain is prepared by leaving some margins for chenille. Rug weaving for approximetely 4 cm is made to prevent knows sliding. So, the carpet is ready to touch. Weaver sits on a stool known as “istol” and weaves models drawn on milimetric paper with colored node ropes which were made as small ball of yarms. After the carpet is woven, to fixate it rug woven is done again. After chain knitting is done, the carpets is taken out of the workbench from warp section by cutting. It is washed with soap to purify it from dirt and dust that are stuck during the weaving process. Turkish carpets reflecting the feeling, thoughts and dreams of Turkish vomen are colected in four groups.
They are woven since 14th century. The most eligible wool is adult sheep wool. Yağcibedir, Milas, Döşemealtı, Yahyali, Taşpınar, Kars, Niğde, Yüntdağ, Yörük (Nomad), Şirvan, Başmakçı, Konya Kazak, Sultanhan and Kula are some of them. In spite of red, dark blue, white, light blue and yellow are used in western and southern regions, beige, brown, black, turquoise and cream are used in central and eastern regions.
In these carpets wefts and warps are cotton and nodes are wool. They are the most durable carpets due to their tight textile. Kayseri, Konya, Ladik and Hereke are the most important regions that these carpets are woven.
Breeding of silk worms was started in 5th century A.D. Having a hundred noes in a square centimeter, weaving these carpets is one of the hardest branches of carpet art. The period between preparation of strings and weaving can months. Kayseri and Hereke silk carpets are masterpieces.
Thin Silk Carpets
They are the most requested carpets of collectors. The carpets woven in Hereke are irreplaceable because they are unique and genuine. These carpets having between 225 and 230 knots per square centimeter are priceless. Therefore, they are called “the most precious of the world.”