The Turkish Empires have a well-established history since their establishment, renowned for their customs . In this article we have mentioned the first Turkish Empires and their brief features.
As for the first Turkish Empires, it is necessary to consider the Turkish empires established in Asia and Europe. Before the state organization, a group that announced its name with the name of İskitler gathered in Asian lands and signed important events in Turkish history. However, since it is not right to evaluate this community under the name of a state organization, the first Turkish empires can not be under the title. Shortly speaking of sciences, the Scythians, who lived in the region from the north of the Black Sea to the Danube River, fought for a long time with the Assyrians, Persians and Urartians.
B.C. VII. Century, BC. II. Scythians, who continued their political activity up to a hundred years, made expeditions to Egypt through Syria, Palestine and Anatolia. One thing that should be kept in mind about the first Turkish Empires is the Orkhun Books. The Orkhun inscriptions, an inscription showing that the understanding of the social state is adopted, are the first written documents left by the Turks. In this post, you can find Turkish Empires List
16 Great Turkish Empires in History
1 . The Asian Hun Empire (220 BC – 216 BC)
Mete Khan, founded by Teoman, has reached its brightest and widest borders in its time.
– It is the first Turkish empire established in Central Asia.
– The first organized state is the state and it is the first time that this state is under the single flag of the Turkish state in Central Asia.
– The Chinese against the Hun raids have made the Great Wall of China.
– Mete Khan has set an example for the whole world by creating a decade system in the army.
– In MS 48, the South Huns divided into two as South and West Huns, and the South Huns divided into two as South and North Huns.
2 . European Hun Empire
In Eastern and Central Europe, the tribes are among the first Turkish states founded by Balamir Kagan, the end of immigration.
– It is the first Turkish state established in Europe.
– The most brilliant period lived in the time of Atilla and connected Byzantine to the vein. It also has the territory between the Volga and the Danube River.
3 . I. Göktürk Empire (552 – 630)
The capital of the Göktürk empire founded by Bumin Kagan was Ötüken and it was founded in Asia. The country was divided into East and West, and the West was directed by Bumin Kagan’s brother, Istemi Yagbu.
4 . II. Göktürk Empire (Kutluk empire) (682 – 745)
Göktürk, who was under the rule of China for 50 years after the destruction of I. Göktürk State in the first Turkish states, The Göktürk State was founded by Kutluk (İlteriş) Kağan.
5 . Uighurs (745-840):
Kutluk Bilge The Uighurs established in the Ötüken region by Kül Kağan have made Karabalgasun the capital city.
6 . Avarlar (Juan Juanlar) (560 – 805):
Avarlar, which has a strong state structure covering today’s Hungary and Romania, is the first Turkish siege to Istanbul . But they did not get results from these encirclement. Apart from these, they have influenced the Slavic communities in Europe in the military field.
7 . Kyrgyzstan (840 – 1207):
Kyrgyz, the last Turkish boy who dominated Central Asia, was also the first Turkish boy to enter Mongol domination at the same time. The Destination of Manas, the world’s longest legend, has been inherited from the Kyrgyz and the Kyrgyz have survived to the present day.
8 . Hazars (630 – 968):
In the time of Hz Osman was the first state to fight with Islamic armies, preventing the Islamic armies from moving to the north. With this move, they have prevented Islam from reaching the Caucasus. Apart from the Jews, it is the only community that accepts Judaism. The fact that merchants belonging to various religions can trade freely, the fact that the cases in the country are seen by a total of 7 members, two Muslims, two Christians, two Jews and one Shamanist, and that the worshipers can stand side by side shows that the Khazars are tolerant of different religions.
9 . Bulgarians (583 – 665):
Bulgarians who were in the first Turkish states settled in the Balkans after leaving Oghuz. The occupations of the Khazars were divided into two groups, the resultant Tuna (Christian) and the Bulgarians (Muslim).
10 . Carnalities:
It is the first Turkish tribe to accept Islam. Karluks, who were in the first Turkish states, lived under Göktürk and Chinese rule respectively and became independent afterwards. II. They were destroyed by the Gokturks and then lived under the rule of the Uighurs. Even though they did not have a new establishment again, they were destroyed by the Mongols.
11 . Turgis (659 – 766):
Turgis, the first Turkish government to repay money, resisted much against Muslims and severely hampered the spread of Islam to Central Asia. Turgiser is also the second Turkish state that has been established after Uighurs.
12 . Hungarians:
The Hungarians who lived in the first Turkish states lived in the vicinity of the Volga River, but they were settled in the present-day Hungarian lands of the Pechenegs. Over time they have been assimilated to the Slavic communities.
13 . Pechenegs:
This Turkish community that migrated from Central Asia to the west did not succeed in establishing state.
14 . Oghuzs:
It is the most crowded Turkish boy and it has come from 24 lengths. The Oghuzs, who established the important states such as the Seljuks and the Ottomans, were the subject of the Dede Korkut Stories with the struggle they had with the Kumanlar (Kipchaks). The state-building ability of the most developed species, the Oguzs, dominated both Central Asia and Europe.
15 . Siberians (Sabirler):
Today’s Siberian name comes from Sabirler. The prints of the Siberians, who had struggled with the Byzantine and Sassanids, settled in eastern Europe.
16 . Ottoman Empire (1299 – 1923)
The Ottoman Empire Kayı was founded by Beg Osman Gazi in 1299 in the Söğüt site and grew rapidly in the following years and became a world state within 200 years.
While interpreting the Ottoman period of Turkish history, the phase state that we need to concentrate on most should be the establishment process. Because we can correctly determine the social foundations of the state, its progress, its progress, its evolution, and above all else, it will help us to understand historical historians, to ensure that all the phases of the Ottoman period from the emergence of the Ottomans to their destruction are mature.
Turkish Empires Rise in Anatolia
1 . Saltuklular (1072-1202)
Founder: Ebul November. However, the most famous sultans are İzzettin Saltuk. He gave his name to the headquarters.
Location: Erzurum and its surroundings.
The Preface: The First Turkish Headquarters in Anatolia (1072)
Who fought with the Crusaders and the Georges
The collapse: destroyed by the Anatolian Seljuk State.
The most important works of daily life: Tepsi Minare, Kale Mosque, Mama Hatun Caravanserai, Ulu Camii.
2 . Mengücekler (1080-1228)
Founder: Mengücek Gazi
Place of Establishment: Erzincan, Kemah, Divriği. Beylik then divided into two branches of Erzincan and Divriği.
Fought with others: Greeks and Georges
The collapse: It was destroyed by the Anatolian Seljuk State.
The most important works of the day are: Kale Mosque, Kaybay Mosque and Divriği Ulu Camii.
3 . Danişmentliler (1080 – 1178)
Founder: Danişment Ahmet Gazi
Place of Establishment: Established in Amasya, Tokat, Kayseri and Malatya regions, with its headquarters in Sivas.
Important: It has the strongest and widest borders among the first principalities established in Anatolia.
Who fought with the Byzantines, the Armenians and the Crusaders (Crusade wars have been the topic of the Danishism).
The collapse: Anatolia was destroyed by the elected state.
The most important works of daily life: Niksar Yağıbasan Madrasah (the first madrasah established in Anatolia), Kayseri Ulu Mosque
4 . Artuklular
It was founded by the sons of Artuk Bey in Eastern and Southeastern Anatolia. It is divided into three separate branches. These :
Hasankeyf (Hısn-ı keyfa) Artukluları: It was founded by Sökmen Bey in Diyarbakir. It was destroyed by Ayyubids.
Harput Artukluları: Established in Elazığ. It was destroyed by the Anatolian Seljuk State.
Mardin Artukluları: It was founded in Mardin. The artukids live the longest. The Crusaders have defeated. It was destroyed by Karakoyunlar.
The most important works of daily life: Diyarbakır-Artuklu Palace, Batman-Malabadi Bridge, Mardin Ulu Camii.