This mosque was built on the orders of Pertevniyal Valide Sultan, the wife of Sultan Mahmut II and mother to Sltan Abdulaziz, in 1871. The architect was the Armenian architect Sarkis Balyan. It is located in the northern part of Aksaray. The exterior is different from the classical Turkish Architectural style. It is not neo-Gothic in style with intricate stonework. The mosque sists on a square plan and has two minarets that have grooves running their length. The dome looks more like the dome of a church, being high but narrow. The inetrior of the mosque is decorated with calligraphic inscriptions from the Qur’an, executed by the calligrapher Mehmed Efendi.
The shutter of the mosque are rather impressive, as well as the main entrance gate that face the center. This is a rare example of Turkish stone carving. Shutters made of stone complete the door. The mosque has no distinct style because the intention was a cultural synthesis. The interior decoration is very attractive. The niche and the pulpit are both made of marble. It is recorded that the opening ceremony of the mosque was magnificent. The mosque rests in a small complex consisting of the mosque, a faountain, a libarary, and the tomb of Pertevniyal Valide Sultan.