Anadolu Kavağı acts as the entrance to the Black Sea from the Bosphorus and has maintained its character as a fishing village for many years. It is a lovely fishermen village across the Rumeli Kavağı on the Anatolian side of Istanbul Bosphorus. It was endowed with castles due to its strategically important position near the connection point of the Bosphorus and Black Sea. The most important one of these is the Yoros Castle settled over a hill dominating Anadolu Kavağı.
The village is famous for its beautiful wooods and fish restaurants. It is a popular place during the blue fish season in September and October, when Istanbul bids farewell to the summer; here one can enjoy the cool and pleasant autmumn days. On can come to Anadolu Kavağı by sea or land. The Bosphorus ferries come here, and this is considered to be the most comfortable mode of transport, and also allows for a relexed Bosphorus tour. Another way come here is via the Usküdar Beykoz coastal road. There many fish restaurants on the coast.
Yoros Castle Istanbul Turkey
One of the important structures in Anadolu Kavağı is Yoros Tower built by Genoese to control the Bosphorus. From here one can have a unique view of the Bosphorus and all the ships that enter and exit it. Yoros Tower perched on top of the hill is stunning, with its architecture and the coast of arms on the walls. Anadolu Kavağı was attacked by the Bithynians, Goths and Russians, and for a while was controlled by the Genoese, who constructed Yoros tower in 1190.
The castle which was built by Byzantines was captured by Ottomans in 1305 with the weakening of Byzantium and their being condemmed to the historical peninsula, but Ottoman couldn’t hold it for a long time. The castle was then patronized by Genoese who were holding the commercial roads of Black Sea in 1348. It was also known as Genoese Castle due to the additions made in Genoese period. It was again gained to the control of Ottoman by Yıldırım Beyazıt in 1391. A mosque, a Turkish bath and a faountain was built in the castle which continued to be used after the conquest of Istanbul. It was abondoned to its faith in 19th century.
The other castlle built on the coast of this hill on Anadolu Kavağı was Kavak Castle which was built by Murat IV in 1694, but it couldn’t survive till today. Anadolu Kavağı is a touristic district with the castle on the hill and fishermen restaurants and cafeterias on the coast.