He was born in the Khorassan’s Balkh city that remains in the today’s Afganistan borders. He was a famous Sufi in the 13th century. According to some sources, his birtday is in 1207 or earlier. Because Mevlana‘s fathe, whose name is Bahaeddin Veled, was one of the important scholars, he was called Sultan of Scholars.
Bahaeddin Veled leaves the city Balkh in 1212 with his family because of the Mongol Armies reaching to the Balkh city borders and never returned back. After travelling lots of cities, the family arrived to Larande (Karaman) and had lived there for seven years. After being informed that Bahaeddin Veled’s existence in Larand, Sultan Alaeddin Keykubad I invited him to Konya, and he and his family migrated to Konya. Bahaeddin Veled who gave lectures and preaches in Madrasah, died in 1231 and buried to a grave in Mevlana museum. Thanks to respect that shown to his father, the disciples gathered around Mevlana. He substituted for his father by lecturing in the biggest Madrasah in the city.
Mevlana used the poetry in order to teach and he fostered his poetry with the love of god, and expressed his feelings with music and Sama (Sufi dance). He often span when he was saying his poems. The tomb of Mevlana, who died in December 17, 1273, is in Mevlana museum.
Philosophy of Mevlana: Come, come, whoever you are, Wanderer, idolater, worshiper of fire, Come even though you have broken your vows a thousand times, Come, and come yet again. Ours is not a caravan of despair..
— Mevlana —