Iznik as one of the towns of Bursa is 85 km away from Bursa at northeast corner of the city. I was settled in the coast of Lake Iznik which is at the west of the town. It is understood from the excavations caried out that Iznik was a residental area in pre-historic times. From the 10 century B.C. to the 3rd century B.C, the region was dominated by region Bithnianys, with the main urbanistation taking place with the increase of the population of the small scale settlements engaged in fishing on the lake shores in the 3rd century B.C.. Antigonia which was founded by Antigonos, one of the commanders of the Macadonian King Alexander the Great, 316 B.C., than named Nicea, wife of Lysimakhos who took over the city in 310 B.C. It stayed under the sovereignty of Bithyna from 3rd century B.C. to the middle of the 1st century A.D. After being sized and reestablished by Romans, the city lived under the sovereignty of different countries.
The Iznik Roman Empire was established in 1204 by Emperor Laskaris. Theodoros Laskaris founded Nicaea Empire in here as a continuation of Byzantine in Istanbul after escaping to Anatolia with other manegers because of Latin invasion in Istnabul in 1204. It was the capital of Byzantine and an important center until withdrawwing Istanbul in 1261.
In 1329 it was added to the Ottoman Emipire by Orhan Gazi. As well as the burial ground remains, the most important work is the 3 gated Iznik Castle, next to the Iznik Lake, which was built in A.D. 310. The Hagia Sophia Church of the Byzantines, with its mosaic floors and interior walls decorated with murals, was converted to the Hagia Sophia Mosque with its interior decorated with ceramics, during the time of Orhan Bey. The Green Mosque built in 1378 has 4 parts. The Ayatriponos Church and the Churches of Koimesis are the other ruins. The Iznik Archaelogical Museum is the social complex of Nulifer Hatun. In the world famous Iznik ceramics, turquoise is the dominant colour. The main subtanse of the secret is sand, named quartz, glass, wheat flour and water. This mixture is ground, and melted and the load and zinc whic are obtain are a mixture of mineral oxides. This soil paste is applied using bees wax to carved motifs, and kiln dried glazed and used.
It lost its importance after the closure of tile shops at the end of the 17th century and losing of being the center of accommodation because of railway construction. City walls from Roman period and Istanbul, Yenişehir and Lefke doors over these walls are in good condition in Nicaea.
A Roman theater from the 2nd century in the southwest of the city, and a necropolis outside of Istanbul door were found. Hagia Sophia Church in the middle of the city is able to survive withh its body walls as a 4th century basilica. Ruins of Senatus Palace which was in the Coast of Iznik Lake, hosted the First Ecumenical Council submerged by the Lake water.
Known for: Iznik Tiles and ceramics are world famous. Also Iznik cucumber is famous and Iznik Fabric.
Iznik Turkey Must-See Places
Don’t Return Without Doing: When you get Iznik Turkey, you can shopping and looling for Iznik pottery for Sale. Also, we have already told you Iznik fabric is very famous. When you’re in Iznik, you can buy a clothes whic made of Iznik Fabric. Don’t forget, you should eat the Iznik cucumber before when you leave there…